Howitzers – Artillery – Infantry Support Guns

Shelling onto Soviet positions.
Shelling onto Soviet positions.

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8.8 cm Raketenwerfer 43 – Anti-Tank Rocket Launcer

The 8.8 cm Raketenwerfer 43 (German: “Püppchen” = “dolly”) was an 88 mm calibre reusable anti-tank rocket launcher developed by Nazi Germany during World War II.

It was given to infantry to bolster their anti-tank capability. The weapon was fired from a small two-wheeled gun carriage which fired a rocket-propelled, fin-stabilized grenade with a shaped charge warhead, similar to the grenade of the Panzerschreck but not the same. Approximately 3,000 units were completed from 1943 to 1945. It was made in much smaller numbers than either the Panzerschreck, which was based on the American Bazooka, or the Panzerfaust, which was a disposable recoilless rifle firing an anti-tank grenade. This is partly because it was realized that a simple hollow tube with an ignition device was all that was needed to launch the 88 mm rocket, rather than an elaborate miniature artillery piece with carriage and breech. Due to the carriage and better sights, the accuracy was better, and the range more than double that of the Panzerschreck.

15 cm sFH 18 – Heavy Field Howitzers

The 15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18 or sFH 18 (German: “heavy field howitzer, model 18”), nicknamed Immergrün (“Evergreen”), was the basic German division-level heavy howitzer during the Second World War, serving alongside the smaller but more numerous 10.5 cm leFH 18. It was based on the earlier, First World War-era design of the 15 cm sFH 13, and while improved over that weapon, it was generally outdated compared to the weapons it faced. It was, however, the first artillery weapon equipped with rocket-assisted ammunition to increase range. The sFH 18 was also used in the self-propelled artillery piece schwere Panzerhaubitze 18/1 (more commonly known as Hummel).

The sFH 18 was one of Germany’s three main 15 cm calibre weapons, the others being the 15 cm Kanone 18, a corps-level heavy gun, and the 15 cm sIG 33, a short-barreled infantry gun.

Infantry Support Gun 7.5 cm leichtes Infanteriegeschütz 18

The 7,5 cm leichtes Infanteriegeschütz 18 (7,5 cm le.IG 18) was an infantry support gun of the German Wehrmacht used during World War II.

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German Military History with a focus on World War 2 History including other areas of German History