World War 2 Generals – V

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Hans-Jürgen von Arnim

Hans-Jürgen Bernhard Theodor von Arnim (German: [ˈaɐ̯niːm]; 4 April 1889 – 1 September 1962) was a German colonel-general (Generaloberst) who served during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Kurt von Briesen

Kurt von Briesen (born 3 May 1886, Anklam † 20. November 1941, Isjum on the Donetz (Ukraine)) was a General of Infantry awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross by Hitler for gallantry in the Polish campaign.

Rudolf von Bünau

Rudolf von Bünau (19 August 1890 – 14 January 1962) was a German general who commanded several Corps during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade, with Oak Leaves, were awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership). At the Enns River, in Austria, von Bünau surrendered to Major General Stanley Eric Reinhart’s 261st Infantry Regiment. He was released in April 1947.

His son, also named Rudolf von Bünau, was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 8 August 1943 as Hauptmann and commander of Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 9 (9th Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion). He was killed in action just one week later on 15 August 1943 south of Roslavl and posthumously promoted to Major. His other son, Oberleutnant Günther von Bünau, a recipient of the German Cross in Gold, was also killed in action in 1943.

Kurt von der Chevallerie

Kurt Wilhelm Gustav Erdmann von der Chevallerie (23 December 1891 – missing as of 18 April 1945) was a highly decorated General der Infanterie in the Wehrmacht during the Second World War who commanded the German 1st Army. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, which, especially its higher grade Oak Leaves, was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Kurt von der Chevallerie was placed on the Führerreserve on 31 January 1945 and disappeared on 18 April 1945 near Kolberg.

On 18 December 1918, Chevallerie married Dorothea Zander (3 May 1895 – 14 October 1957) in Berlin. The couple had four children, one son, Hans-Rudolf (1919–1940), killed in action as a Lieutenant, and three daughters.

Maximilian von Edelsheim

Konstanz Johann Georg Maximilian Reichsfreiherr von Edelsheim  (6 July 1897 – 26 April 1994) was a German general during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Franz Ritter von Epp

Franz Xaver Ritter von Epp (16 October 1868 – 31 December 1946) was a regular officer in the Imperial German Army of the early part of the 20th century, who rose to the office of Reichsstatthalter of Bavaria, a position of dictatorial power, under the Nazis.

Hans Freiherr von Funck

General Hans Emil Richard Freiherr von Funck (23 December 1891 – 14 February 1979) was a highly decorated Panzer General in the German army during World War II.

Paul von Hase

Karl Paul Immanuel von Hase (24 July 1885 – 8 August 1944) was a German career soldier and figured among the members of the resistance against Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime.

Hase was born in Hanover. He was the fifth child of Paul and Frieda von Hase. On 12 December 1921, Hase married Margarete, Baronesse von Funck in Neustreiltz. They had four children: Ina, Maria-Gisela, Alexander and Friedrich-Wilhelm.

He held the following posts in the Wehrmacht during the time of the Third Reich:
1933–1934 Battalion commander in Neuruppin;
1934–1935 Battalion commander in Landsberg an der Warthe;
1935–1938 Commander 50th Regiment;
1939–1940 Commander 46th Division;
1940 Commander 56th Division;
1940–1944 City commandant of Berlin.

From 1938, Brigadier-General von Hase was privy to the conspiracy plans plotted by such men as Wilhelm Canaris, Hans Oster, Generals Erwin von Witzleben, Franz Halder and Erich Hoepner. He was an uncle of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, the famous Lutheran pastor who also took part in the conspiracy.

On 20 July 1944, after the failed assassination of Hitler at the Wolf’s Lair in East Prussia, Hase ordered Major Otto Ernst Remer of the Infantry Regiment Großdeutschland to seal off the government quarter in Berlin during the subsequent coup d’état attempt. Remer later removed the cordon and Hase was arrested by the Gestapo that evening whilst he was dining with Joseph Goebbels.

In the trial against him and a number of other members of the plot at the Volksgerichtshof on 8 August 1944, he was sentenced to death and hanged later the same day at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin.

Harald von Hirschfeld

Harald von Hirschfeld (10 July 1912 – 18 January 1945) was a German general who commanded the 78.Volksgrenadier-Division during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. In September 1943, as a Colonel in the 1st Mountain Division, he played a major role in the defeat and subsequent massacre of the Italian Acqui Division in Cephallonia.

Von Hirschfeld was married to Sylvinia von Dönhoff, who later married the former fighter pilot Adolf Galland. He was severely injured in an aerial attack in defense of the Dukla Pass and died on his way to the field hospital.

Alfred Ritter von Hubicki

Alfred Eduard Franz Ritter von Hubicki (5 February 1887 – 14 July 1971) in Friedrichsdorf (Hungarian Frigyesfalva, in Bereg County, Ungarn, today Ukraine, July 14, 1971 in Vienna was a Hungarian born Austro-Hungarian and Austrian army officer who was a Panzer General in the German army during World War II and a winner of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Otto von Knobelsdorff

Heinrich Otto Ernst von Knobelsdorff (31 March 1886 – 21 October 1966) was a German general who commanded armored Panzer units and served during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. During the war, he was defeated by American forces under General George S. Patton at the Battle of Metz.

Joachim von Kortzfleisch

Joachim Otto August Achatius Kortzfleisch (3 January 1890 – 20 April 1945) was a German army general who was the commander of the defense group III (Berlin) and had a role in ensuring the failure of the attempted coup after the July 20 Plot attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler.

Smilo Freiherr von Lüttwitz

Smilo Walther Hinko Oskar Constantin Wilhelm Freiherr von Lüttwitz(23 December 1895 – 19 May 1975) was a German general of the Panzer troops, serving during World War II and son of Walther von Lüttwitz. His cousins Heinrich von Lüttwitz and Hyazinth Graf Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz were also decorated with the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords, the latter also received the decoration “with Diamonds”. After World War II he joined the Bundeswehr on 1 June 1957 and retired on 31 December 1960.

Friedrich von Mellenthin

Friedrich Wilhelm von Mellenthin (30 August 1904 – 28 June 1997) was a Generalmajor in the German Army during World War II. A participant in most of the major campaigns of the war, he became well-known afterwards for his memoirs Panzer Battles, first published in 1956 and regularly reprinted since then.

Dietrich von Müller

Dietrich von Müller (16 September 1891 – 3 January 1961) was a German Officer during both World War I and World War II. Just before the end of World War II he was promoted to Generalleutnant and awarded the Knight’s Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. On 19 April 1945 he was captured by members of 1st Czechoslovak Partisan Brigade of Jan Žižka, Group Olga, and became a prisoner of war. He later spent 10 years in Soviet captivity. He was released in the winter of 1955.

Hans von Obstfelder

Hans von Obstfelder (6 September 1886 – 20 December 1976) was a German general of infantry, serving during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Enno von Rintelen

Enno Emil Rintelen (November 6, 1891 in Stettin, August 7, 1971 in Heidelberg) was a German officer , last general of the infantry during World War II .

Edwin Graf von Rothkirch und Trach

Edwin Graf of Rothkirch and Trach (1 November 1888 in Militsch , Silesia ;29. July 1980 on the Rettershof in Kelkheim am Taunus) was a German officer , last cavalry general during World War II . As a jumping rider he participated in the Olympic Summer Games in Los Angeles in 1932 .

Hans von Salmuth

Hans Eberhard Kurt von Salmuth (11 November 1888 – 1 January 1962) was a German general during World War II. A lifelong professional soldier, he served his country as a junior officer in World War I, a staff officer in the inter-war period and early World War II, and an army level commander. General von Salmuth commanded several different armies on the Eastern Front and his final command was the Fifteenth Army in France during and shortly after the D-Day invasion. After the war he spent five years in prison for war crimes.

Dietrich von Saucken

Friedrich Wilhelm Eduard Kasimir Dietrich von Saucken (16 May 1892 – 27 September 1980) was a general in the German army, the Wehrmacht Heer, during World War II. He was the last of just 27 men to be awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten; Germany awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade, that with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds, during World War II to recognise extreme bravery or successful leadership on the battlefield).

Eugen Ritter von Schobert

Eugen Siegfried Erich Ritter von Schobert (13 March 1883 – 12 September 1941) was a German general who served in World War I and World War II. He died in the Soviet Union when his observation plane crashed in a Soviet minefield.

Viktor von Schwedler

Leopold Thomas Alexander Viktor von Schwedler (18 January 1885 – 30 October 1954) was a German General der Infantrie who commanded an Army corps and a military district during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Schwedler was made commanding general of the IV. Armeekorps following the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair of 1938. He was transferred to the Führerreserve in October 1942. On 1 March 1943 he was appointed commanding general of the Wehrkreis IV (4th Military District) in Dresden a position he held until 31 January 1945. Nevertheless he was still responsible for the measures after the bombing of Dresden on 13 February and 15 February 1945.

Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin

Fridolin Rudolf Theodor, Ritter und Edler von Senger und Etterlin (September 4, 1891 – January 9, 1963) was a German general during World War II.

Georg von Sodenstern

Georg von Sodenstern (15 November 1889 – 20 July 1955) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the 19th Army. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.

Henning von Tresckow

Herrmann Karl Robert “Henning” von Tresckow (January 10, 1901 – July 21, 1944) was a Generalmajor in the German Wehrmacht who organized German resistance against Adolf Hitler. He attempted to assassinate Hitler in March 1943 and drafted the Valkyrie plan for a coup against the German government. He was described by the Gestapo as the “prime mover” and the “evil spirit” behind the July 20 plot to assassinate Hitler. He committed suicide on the Eastern Front upon the plot’s failure.

Kurt von Tippelskirch

Kurt Oskar Heinrich Ludwig Wilhelm von Tippelskirch (9 October 1891 – May 10, 1957) was a general in the German Army during World War II.

Heinrich von Vietinghoff

Heinrich Gottfried Otto Richard von Vietinghoff genannt (de: known as) Scheel (December 6, 1887 – February 23, 1952) was a German Colonel-General (Generaloberst) of the German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) during the Second World War. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He is best known for commanding the German and Italian troops in German-occupied Italy in 1945.

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German Military History with a focus on World War 2 History including other areas of German History

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