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Aeronauticum – Germany
Aeronauticum is the official German maritime aircraft museum – located in Nordholz (close to Cuxhaven). The museum has a large collection of aircraft that has been used by the German Marine/Navy, among other places also in the adjacent Nordholz Naval Airbase. The name of the museum derives from Greek ὰήρ āēr which means “air” and ναυτική nautikē which means “navigation, Airmanship”, i.e. “navigation of the air”.
Armoured Weapon Museum – Poznan, Poland
The Armoured Weapon Museum was established in 1963-1964. Initially, it was a place where the students had classes on building and operation of the armoured equipment, in which, at that time, the Polish Army was equipped.
The main pioneer of the collection of the museum was Major-General Zygmunt Duszynski, who, at that time, was the Main Training Inspector of the Polish Army. Thanks to the efforts of the commandant of the Commissioned Officers Armoured Troops School graduate colonel Henryk Kudly and of graduate lieutenant-colonel Zygmunt Szopa – the director of the operation and renovation cycle; different kind of armoured vehicles were gathered in the current building of the museum.
There are also parts and elements of tanks and armoured guns in the collection. Each type of the armoured weapon has original fittings, equipment and weaponry in which armoured fighting vehicle are equipped. Machine-guns 7,62 mm DT, large-caliber machine-gun 12,7 mm and large-caliber machine-gun 14,5 mm KPWT are included in the on board weapon, which was located on particular vehicles. Because of the security reasons, they are kept as a deposit in the weaponry magazine. The exposition includes tanks, self-propelled guns, armoured reconnaissance vehicle and personnel carrier as well as one example of emergency technical vehicle. Most of the equipment was produced on the territory of the USSR and was used during World War II constituting the equipment of the armoured units of the Polish Army since 1943. Combat equipment presented in the museum is currently one of the biggest armoured weapon collections in Poland and some examples are unique exhibits in the country and one of the few in the world.
The Artillery Museum of Finland
The Artillery Museum of Finland (Suomen Tykistömuseo in Finnish) is a special military museum dedicated to the history of the artillery from the 15th century to the present day. It was located in Niinisalo from 1977 to 1997. In 1997 it was relocated to Hämeenlinna.
Australian Armour & Artillery Museum
The Australian Armour and Artillery Museum opened to the public on Saturday the 6th September 2014.The museum is privately owned and is the largest museum of its kind in the southern hemisphere.
They are located next door to Tjapukai and Skyrail on Kamarunga Road Caravonica, a suburb of Cairns, North Queensland. They are dedicated to the collection, preservation, restoration and display of Armoured Vehicles and Artillery from the 1800’s to the present day. The collection includes armoured vehicles and artillery from both world wars with a particular focus on WWII.
Currently their collection consists of over 100 armoured vehicles and artillery pieces, many of which will not be found anywhere else in Australia. They are constantly on the lookout for additional pieces of equipment that will make the museum a richer experience for those visiting.
Australian War Memorial
The Australian War Memorial combines a shrine, a world-class museum, and an extensive archive. The Memorial’s purpose is to commemorate the sacrifice of those Australians who have died in war. Its mission is to assist Australians to remember, interpret and understand the Australian experience of war and its enduring impact on Australian society.
The Australian War Memorial is established as a corporation by the Australian War Memorial Act 1980.
Base Borden Military Museum
Base Borden Military Museum is a military museum located on the grounds of CFB Borden, in Borden, Ontario, Canada. Combining four separate museums, it has numerous items, equipment and vehicles from all eras of Canadian military history, including a large number of historic armored vehicles and aircraft displayed outside in the Major-General F. F. Worthington Memorial Park and around the base.
The museum is located about 100 km north of Toronto, Ontario. The museum, which combines all the separate museums at the base, was established in the 1990s.
In June 2007 a new main building for the museum complex was opened, with a large hangar for the display of historic military vehicles. The museum complex consists of several buildings and a memorial park.The Museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, OMMC and Virtual Museum of Canada.
Belgrade Military Museum – Serbia
The Military Museum (Serbian:Vojni muzej ) in Belgrade was founded in 1878. The museum has over 3000 ancient and modern items. These include Roman swords and helmets, Greek helmets and daggers, Serbian heavy knight’s armor, axes, shields, helmets, crossbows, armoured gloves, as well as Western medieval weapons. There are also more modern guns, firearms, and elements of soldier’s uniforms and equipment. Dioramas, plaques, and displays illustrate the use and historical context of the museum’s collection.
Canadian War Museum
The Canadian War Museum (CWM) (French: Musée canadien de la guerre) is Canada’s national museum of military history. Located in Ottawa, Ontario, the museum covers all facets of Canada’s military past, from the first recorded instances of death by armed violence in Canadian history several hundred years ago to the country’s most recent involvement in conflicts. It includes major permanent exhibitions on wars that have been fought on Canadian soil, the total wars of the twentieth century, the Cold War and peace support operations abroad, and Canada’s history of honouring and remembrance. There is also an open storage area displaying large objects from the Museum’s collection, from naval guns to tanks, from motorcycles to jet aircraft. The exhibits depict Canada’s military past in its personal, national and international dimensions, with special emphasis on the human experience of war and the manner in which war has affected, and been affected by, Canadians’ participation.
Much of the Museum’s public exhibition space is devoted to its Canadian Experience Galleries. These displays underline the profound effect that war has had on Canada’s development and the significant role Canadians have played in international conflicts. Their content is a rich mixture of some 2,500 objects from war art to armoured vehicles, as well as scores of audio-visual displays and many hands-on activities. A changing program of temporary or special exhibitions, plus public programs and special events, complement the experience offered in the permanent galleries. The CWM also houses the Military History Research Centre, a leading library and archival research facility, and a large collection of some 500,000 artifacts, including uniforms, medals, weapons, war art, aircraft, military vehicles and artillery.
The CWM originated in 1880. Its current building opened in May 2005 and is located less than 2 km west of Canada’s Parliament Buildings. The building’s architecture has received professional and public acclaim. The CWM is part of the Canadian Museum of History Corporation, which also operates the Canadian Museum of History, the Canadian Children’s Museum, the Canadian Postal Museum, and the Virtual Museum of New France.
Canadian Forces Base Borden is a Canadian Forces base located in Ontario.
The historic birthplace of the Royal Canadian Air Force, CFB Borden is home to the largest training wing in the Canadian Armed Forces.The base is run by Canadian Forces Support Training Group (CFSTG) and reports to the Canadian Defence Academy (CDA) in Kingston.
The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) (or das Deutsche Museum) in Munich, Germany is the world’s largest museum of science and technology, with approximately 1.5 million visitors per year and about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology.
The museum was founded on June 28, 1903, at a meeting of the Association of German Engineers (VDI) as an initiative of Oskar von Miller. Its official name is Deutsches Museum von Meisterwerken der Naturwissenschaft und Technik (English: German Museum of Masterpieces of Science and Technology). It is the largest museum in Munich.
Deutsches Historisches Museum
The German Historical Museum (Deutsches Historisches Museum), DHM for short, is a museum in Berlin devoted to German history and defines itself as a place of enlightenment and understanding of the shared history of Germans and Europeans. It is often viewed as one of the most important museums in Berlin and is one of the most frequented.
The museum is located in the Zeughaus (armoury) on the avenue Unter den Linden as well as in the adjacent Exhibition Hall designed by I. M. Pei.
The German Historical Museum is under the legal form of a foundation registered by the Federal Republic of Germany. Its highest-ranking body is the Board of Trustees (Kuratorium) with representatives of the Federal Government, the German Bundestag (Parliament) and the governments of the German Länder, or states.
Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin – German Museum of Technology – Berlin, Germany
Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin (German Museum of Technology) in Berlin, Germany is a museum of science and technology, and exhibits a large collection of historical technical artifacts. The museum’s main emphasis originally was on rail transport, but today it also features exhibits of various sorts of industrial technology. In 2003, it opened both maritime and aviation exhibition halls in a newly built extension. The museum also contains a science center called Spectrum.
Ditsong National Museum of Military History- Johannesburg, South Africa
During the First World War (1914 – 1918) no formal showcase was made of South Africa’s involvement in that war.
In 1940, Capt J Agar-Hamilton was appointed official historian of the Union Defence Forces. The formation of an Historical Research Committee that same year was to ensure the preservation of documents and military memorabilia and lay the foundation for the establishment of a museum.
The South African National War Museum was officially opened on 29 August 1947 by the then Prime Minister of South Africa, Field Marshal J C Smuts PC, CM, OM, DTD, KC. At the opening ceremony, Smuts stated the following:
“… We are gathered here today to open what may not unfairly be looked upon as a memorial to the greatest united effort our country has been called upon to produce. Memorials, of course, have more than one use. They serve to remind us of what is past, of great deeds of heroism and sacrifice; they also serve as a pointer, and sometimes as a warning to the future.
It is in these senses that the South African War Museum may be regarded as a memorial. It will remind us, I hope, not only of the part we played in the recent great struggle to save civilization, but also of the horrors, the loss of life and the devastation, and serve as a warning to us to create a world in which we shall never have to use again the weapons of mass destruction we see here today, or those dreadful weapons to follow them …”
He was referring to South Africa’s participation in the Second World War and had pinpointed the raison d’etre of the Museum’s existence.
In 1975 the Museum’s name was changed to the South African National Museum of Military History and its scope was expanded to include the history of all military conflict in which South Africans have played a part. The Museum also serves as a popular and unusual venue for conferences and other functions.
In 1999, following the restructuring process of national museums, the Museum was amalgamated together with the Transvaal Museum of Natural History and the National Cultural History Museum into the Northern Flagship Institution. This institution was renamed Ditsong: Museums of South Africa in 2009 and the Museum is now called the Ditsong National Museum of Military History.
The Museum is also regarded as the spiritual and symbolic home for all soldiers and veterans in South Africa. As a result a number of veterans’ organisations use the Museum as their headquarters. The South African Military History Society, the South African Arms and Ammunition Collectors Association, the South African Arms and Armour Society, the Gold Reef Scale Modelers and the Warsaw Flights Commemoration Committee use the Museum for monthly and annual meetings and are considered to be part of the 20 organisations that are stakeholders.
Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum
The Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum is an aviation museum which displays a number of military and civilian aircraft and spacecraft, most notably, the Hughes H-4 Hercules “Spruce Goose”. The museum is located in McMinnville, Oregon, across the street from the headquarters of Evergreen International Aviation. Oregon Route 18 separates the museum from the company operations and McMinnville Municipal Airport (KMMV). An IMAX theater opened in 2007, and a second exhibit hall focusing on the Titan II ICBM and space technology opened in 2008.
Flieger-Flab-Museum – Swiss Air Force Museum – Zurich, Switzerland
The Flieger Flab Museum (English: Swiss Air Force Museum) is located in the Canton of Zurich in Dübendorf on the grounds of Dübendorf Air Base. The collection was founded in 1972 by the Office for Military Airfields and dedicated to the history of Swiss military aviation and air defense.
In the museum forty airplanes and helicopters are displayed, with the collection divided into distinct eras: pioneers and World War I, The 1930s, World War II and the Post-war period, the beginning of the jet age, the development of jet fighters, the Cold War and arms reduction.
Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum
The Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum is Paul G. Allen’s collection of rare military aircraft, tanks and other military treasures which comprises artifacts from Germany, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum includes important military machines of the 20th century. These designs represent both an era of global turmoil and a time of great technological innovation.
The Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum is housed in a pair of working hangars. In the first, the exhibits focus on the home fronts and innovations of the major combatants—the United States, Japan, Russia, Germany and the United Kingdom. The second hangar exhibits follow each nation’s combat machines into the five theaters of war, where harsh environmental conditions influenced the use and development of technology. Fly Days, scheduled throughout the summer, are an opportunity to watch vintage aircraft fly and meet their pilots. Throughout the calendar year, FHCAM offers educational and gaming opportunities along with special events like TankFest Northwest. TankFest Northwest is a Memorial Day show in which the Collection’s restored World War II-era tanks, vehicles, and weapons put on driving and firing demonstrations.
The Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum is operated by Friends of Flying Heritage, a nonprofit corporation focused on educating the public about these aircraft.
For Freedom Museum – Knokke-Heist, Belgium.
The For Freedom Museum shows the bleak times of the Second World War in a dazzling, realistic way. No single inhabitant of the Zwin region and western Zeeland Flanders was spared hardship and repression between 1940 and 1944. This black period in our history forms the main theme of the museum.
Hellenic Air Force Museum
The Hellenic Air Force Museum was founded in 1986 and since 1992 has been located on Dekelia Air Base in Acharnes north of Athens. In opposition to the War Museum of Athens it displays air force history and is active in restoring and presenting old aircraft. Most aircraft in the collection come from the Hellenic Air Force; some were exchanged with other European aircraft museums.
The HAF Underwater Operations Team (KOSYTHE) helped recover some rare aircraft from underwater for the museum: a Bristol Blenheim, a Junkers Ju 52/3m and a Junkers Ju 87.
Ilok Museum – Croatia
Ilok Castle (Croatian: Iločki dvorac or Gradina Ilok) or Odescalchi Castle overlooks the town of Ilok in eastern Croatia. It is built on a hill above the town centre, offering views on the Danube and the Pannonian Plain.
The castle was originally built in the 15th century by Nicholas of Ilok, Croatian viceroy and the king of Bosnia. The Ottomans conquered Ilok in the 16th century. After the victory against the Ottomans at the Battle of Vienna in 1683, the Emperor Leopold I granted the castle, significant properties and the title of the Duke of Syrmia to Livio Odescalchi, nephew of Pope Innocent XI and a member of the powerful Italian aristocratic Odescalchi family, which would own the castle for the next two centuries. In the 18th century, the Odescalchis reconstructed the castle in the Baroque style. The castle was nationalized by authorities of Yugoslavia in 1945. After a restoration, it was opened to visitors in 2010. The lower two floors host the Museum of the Town of Ilok. Wine cellars of the castle are among the most famous in Croatia.
Imperial War Museum – London, England.
Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London. Founded as the Imperial War Museum in 1917, the museum was intended to record the civil and military war effort and sacrifice of Britain and its Empire during the First World War. The museum’s remit has since expanded to include all conflicts in which British or Commonwealth forces have been involved since 1914. As of 2012, the museum aims ‘to provide for, and to encourage, the study and understanding of the history of modern war and “wartime experience”‘
Kubinka Tank Museum – Russia
The Kubinka Tank Museum is a museum of armoured fighting vehicles in Kubinka, Odintsovsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia. The museum consists of open and covered exhibition of many famous tanks and armored vehicles throughout the 20th century. It is also known to house and display many unique vehicles, such as the German super-heavy tank prototype Panzer VIII Maus, the Troyanov heavy tank and a Karl-Gerät self-propelled artillery, among other single or limited production prototypes from the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.
Lewis Army Museum (Formerly Fort Lewis Military Museum)
Lewis Army Museum (originally Fort Lewis Military Museum) is a military museum at Fort Lewis in the state of Washington, U.S. It is housed in the historic former Red Shield Inn, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and can be seen prominently from Interstate 5. It is the only certified U.S. Army museum on the West Coast.
Established in 1971, the museum was originally housed in a two-story barracks. In July 1973, it was moved to the old Fort Lewis Inn.
Inside the museum are approximately 10,000 square feet (930 m2) of interior displays of various collections of uniforms and equipment, including “Soldiers of the Northwest”, I Corps, the 9th Infantry Division, the Medical Corps, and “The Army Family”. Outside, on 2.5 acres (10,000 m2), in the Vehicle Park, are a collection of tanks, jeeps, and other military vehicles, along with weapons, including a Nike-Hercules Missile and an Honest John rocket.
The Museum was reopened in 2012 after a two-year renovation.