Leading Figures of Nazi Germany – A thru L

Just Click on Any Picture Below to Make it Large for Viewing!!

Hans Biebow

Hans Biebow (December 18, 1902 – June 23, 1947) was the chief of German Nazi administration of the Łódź Ghetto in occupied Poland.

Hugo Blaschke

Dr. Hugo Johannes Blaschke (14 November 1881 – 6 December 1959) was a German dental surgeon notable for being Adolf Hitler’s personal dentist from 1933 to April 1945 and for being the chief dentist on the staff of Heinrich Himmler.

Albert Bormann

Albert Bormann (2 September 1902 – 8 April 1989) was a German National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK) officer, who rose to the rank of Gruppenführer (Generalleutnant) during World War II. Bormann served as an adjutant to Adolf Hitler, and was the younger brother of Martin Bormann.

Martin Bormann

Martin Bormann (17 June 1900 – 2 May 1945) was a prominent Nazi official. He became head of the Party Chancellery (Parteikanzlei) and private secretary to Adolf Hitler. He was almost always at his Führer’s side. Hitler typically did not issue written orders, but gave them verbally at meetings or in phone conversations; he also had Bormann convey orders. He gained Hitler’s trust and derived immense power within the Third Reich by using his position to control the flow of information and access to Hitler. Bormann earned many enemies, including Joseph Goebbels, Hermann Göring, Heinrich Himmler, Alfred Rosenberg, Robert Ley, Hans Frank, and Albert Speer.

Philipp Bouhler

Philipp Bouhler (11 September 1899 – 19 May 1945) was a senior Nazi Party official who was both a Reichsleiter (National Leader) and Chief of the Chancellery of the Führer of the NSDAP. He was also an SS-Obergruppenführer in the Allgemeine SS who was responsible for the Nazi Aktion T4 euthanasia program that killed more than 70,000 handicapped adults and children in Nazi Germany, as well as co-initiator of Aktion 14f13, also called “Sonderbehandlung” (“special treatment”), that killed 15,000–20,000 concentration camp prisoners.

Bouhler was captured and arrested on 10 May 1945 by American troops. He committed suicide on 19 May 1945 while in the U.S. internment camp at Zell am See in Austria.

Wilhelm Brückner

Wilhelm Brückner (11 December 1884 in Baden-Baden – 18 August 1954 in Herbsdorf, Upper Bavaria) was until 1940 Adolf Hitler’s chief adjutant.

Josef Bühler

Josef Bühler (born 16 February 1904 in Waldsee , Oberamt Waldsee , Kingdom of Württemberg , died August 21, 1948 in Krakow , Poland ) was a German jurist . In the Government of the General Government in Krakow , Buhler served as Secretary of State during the period of National Socialism. Since June 1940, he had been the permanent deputy of the General Governor Hans Frank , responsible for crimes against the Polish population and the Holocaust in Poland .

Josef Bürckel

Joseph Bürckel (30 March 1895, in Lingenfeld, Germersheim – 28 September 1944, in Neustadt an der Weinstraße) was a Nazi Germany politician and a member of the German parliament (the Reichstag). He was an early member of the Nazi party and was influential in the rise of the National Socialist movement.

Kurt Daluege

Kurt Daluege (15 September 1897 – 24 October 1946) was a German Nazi SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer and Generaloberst of the Police (ranks equivalent to colonel-general, or four-star General) as chief of the national uniformed Ordnungspolizei (Order Police), and ruled the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia as Deputy Protector after Reinhard Heydrich’s assassination. After the end of World War II, he was extradited to Czechoslovakia, convicted as a war criminal and executed in 1946.

Hans Dauser

Hans Dauser (born October 5, 1877 in Marktoffingen , Germany , May 10, 1969 in Munich ) was a German politician ( NSDAP ) and SS leader . He was Secretary of State in the Bavarian Ministry of Economic Affairs, whose deputy head he became, and from 1933 to 1945 Reichstag deputy. He had previously been a member of the Bavarian Landtag from 1928 to 1933.

Otto Dietrich

Jacob Otto Dietrich (31 August 1897 – 22 November 1952) was an SS-Obergruppenführer, the Press Chief of Nazi Germany, and a confidant of Adolf Hitler.

Franz Xaver Dorsch

Franz Xaver Dorsch (24 December 1899 – 8 November 1986) was a German civil engineer who became the chief engineer of the Organisation Todt (OT), a civil and military engineering group in Nazi Germany that was responsible for a huge range of engineering projects at home and in the territories occupied by the Germans during the Second World War. He played a leading role in many of the Third Reich’s biggest engineering projects, including the construction of the Siegfried Line (Westwall), the Atlantic Wall and numerous other fortifications in Germany and occupied Europe. Following the war, he founded the Dorsch Consult consulting engineering company in Wiesbaden.

Kurd Eissfeldt

Kurd Eissfeldt (4 December 1900 in Wolfenbüttel , † unknown) was a German forestry scientist and SS leader in the time of national socialism .

Hans Frank

Hans Michael Frank (23 May 1900 – 16 October 1946) was a German lawyer who worked for the Nazi Party during the 1920s and 1930s, and later became Adolf Hitler’s personal lawyer. After the invasion of Poland, Frank became Nazi Germany’s chief jurist in the occupied Poland “General Government” territory. During his tenure throughout World War II (1939–45), he instituted a reign of terror against the civilian population and became directly involved in the mass murder of Jews. At the Nuremberg trials, he was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity and was executed.

Karl Hermann Frank

Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in Czechoslovakia prior to and during World War II and an SS-Obergruppenführer. He was executed by hanging after World War II for his role in organizing the massacres of the people of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky.

Karl Fiehler

Karl Fiehler (31 August 1895 – 8 December 1969) was a German politician of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) and Mayor of Munich from 1933 until 1945.

Ludwig Fischer

Ludwig Fischer (April 16, 1905 – March 8, 1947) was a German National Socialist lawyer, politician and a convicted war criminal.

Roland Freisler

Roland Freisler (30 October 1893 – 3 February 1945) was a jurist and judge of Nazi Germany. He was State Secretary of the Reich Ministry of Justice, and President of the People’s Court. He was also an attendee at the Conference at Wannsee in 1942 which set in motion the The Holocaust.

Walther Funk

Walther Funk (18 August 1890 – 31 May 1960) was an economist and prominent Nazi official who served as Reich Minister for Economic Affairs from 1938 to 1945 and was tried and convicted as a major war criminal by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg.

Leopold Gutterer

Leopold Gutterer (25. April 1902 in Baden-Baden ; † 27. December 1996 in Aachen ) was a Nazi official and politician. During the Nazi period he rose to the post of State Secretary of the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda , and was temporarily vice president of the Reich Chamber of Culture . Gutterer was a close confidant of Reich Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels .

Karl Hanke

Karl August Hanke, Reichsführer-SS und Chef der Deutschen Polizei (24 August 1903 – 8 June 1945) was an official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). He served as governor (Gauleiter) of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945 and as the final Reichsführer-SS for a few days in 1945.

Konrad Henlein

Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein (6 May 1898 – 10 May 1945) was a leading Sudeten German politician in Czechoslovakia. Upon the German occupation he joined the Nazi Party as well as the SS and was appointed Reichsstatthalter of the Sudetenland in 1939.

Rudolf Hess

Rudolf Walter Richard Heß, also spelled Hess (26 April 1894 – 17 August 1987), was a prominent politician in Nazi Germany. Appointed Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler in 1933, he served in this position until 1941, when he flew solo to Scotland in an attempt to negotiate peace with the United Kingdom during World War II. He was taken prisoner and eventually was convicted of crimes against peace, serving a life sentence.

Hess enlisted in the 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment as an infantryman at the outbreak of World War I. He was wounded several times over the course of the war, and won the Iron Cross, second class, in 1915. Shortly before the war ended, Hess enrolled to train as an aviator, but he saw no action in this role. He left the armed forces in December 1918 with the rank of Leutnant der Reserve.

In autumn 1919 Hess enrolled in the University of Munich, where he studied geopolitics under Karl Haushofer, a proponent of the concept of Lebensraum (“living space”), which later became one of the pillars of Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party; NSDAP) ideology. Hess joined the NSDAP on 1 July 1920, and was at Hitler’s side on 8 November 1923 for the Beer Hall Putsch, a failed Nazi attempt to seize control of the government of Bavaria. Whilst serving time in jail for this attempted coup, Hess helped Hitler write his opus, Mein Kampf, which became a foundation of the political platform of the NSDAP.

After the Nazi Seizure of Power in 1933, Hess was appointed Deputy Führer of the NSDAP and received a post in Hitler’s cabinet. He was the third most-powerful man in Germany, behind only Hitler and Hermann Göring. In addition to appearing on Hitler’s behalf at speaking engagements and rallies, Hess signed into law much of the legislation, including the Nuremberg Laws of 1935, that stripped the Jews of Germany of their rights in the lead-up to the Holocaust.

Hess continued to be interested in aviation, learning to fly the more advanced aircraft that were coming into development at the start of World War II. On 10 May 1941 he undertook a solo flight to Scotland, where he hoped to arrange peace talks with the Duke of Hamilton, whom he believed was prominent in opposition to the British government. Hess was immediately arrested on his arrival and was held in British custody until the end of the war, when he was returned to Germany to stand trial in the Nuremberg Trials of major war criminals in 1946. Throughout much of the trial, he claimed to be suffering from amnesia, but later admitted this was a ruse. Hess was convicted of crimes against peace and conspiracy with other German leaders to commit crimes and was transferred to Spandau Prison in 1947, where he served a life sentence. Repeated attempts by family members and prominent politicians to win him early release were blocked by the Soviet Union. Still in custody in Spandau, he died of an apparent suicide in 1987 at the age of 93. After his death the prison was demolished to prevent it from becoming a neo-nazi shrine.

Walther Hewel

Walther Hewel (2 January 1904 – 2 May 1945) was a German diplomat before and during World War II, an early and active member of the Nazi Party, and one of German dictator Adolf Hitler’s few personal friends.

Konstantin Hierl

Konstantin Hierl (24 February 1875 – 23 September 1955) was a major figure in the administration of Nazi Germany. He was the head of the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD) (Reich Labor Service) and an associate of Adolf Hitler before he came to national power.

Margarete Himmler (Boden)

Margarete Himmler (née Boden) also known as Marga Himmler (9 September 1893 – 25 August 1967) was the wife of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler.

Ernst Kundt

Ernst Kundt (15 April 1897 in Bohemia-Leipa, Austria-Hungary, 15 February 1947 in Prague) was a Sudeten-German politician of national socialism .

Robert Ley

Robert Ley (15 February 1890 – 25 October 1945) was a Nazi politician and head of the German Labour Front from 1933 to 1945. He committed suicide while awaiting trial at Nuremberg for war crimes.

Willy Liebel

Willy Liebel , born Friedrich Wilhelm Liebel, (31 August 1897 in Nuremberg ; † 20th April 1945) was a German politician (NSDAP) and March 16, 1933 to April 20, 1945 Mayor of the City of Nuremberg.

Viktor Lutze

Viktor Lutze (28 December 1890 – 2 May 1943) was the commander of the Sturmabteilung (“SA”) succeeding Ernst Röhm as Stabschef. He died from injuries received in a car accident. Lutze was given an elaborate state funeral in Berlin on 7 May 1943.

29

German Military History with a focus on World War 2 History including other areas of German History