Birth of Balthasar Neumann (1687-1753) in Eger, Austrian Empire (now in the Czech Republic). Neumann was the leading architect of the Baroque period in Austria and Germany. In 1711 he moved to Würzburg, Germany, to work for the Bishop/Elector. In 1719 he began work on the palace of the Bishop, a work which would continue through most of the remainder of his life and be his masterpiece. In addition to the palace, however, he found the time to build numerous churches. The Würzburg Residence is considered one of the most beautiful and well-proportioned palaces in Europe and the Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers is considered by some as the crowning work of the period.
Adolf Hitler is named Chancellor by the president of the Weimar Republic, Paul von Hindenburg.
Death of Ferdinand Porsche (1875-1951) in Stuttgart, Germany. Porsche worked for the Daimler Automobile Company in Stuttgart from 1923 to 1931 and then left to form his own company. He specialized in sports cars and racing cars. At the request of Hitler, he designed a people’s car, Volkswagen in 1934. The Porsche sports car was introduced in 1950.
Death of Ernst Heinrich Heinkel in Stuttgart, Germany. Heinkel was the chief designer for the Albatros Aircraft Company in Berlin prior to World War I. After the War, he founded the Ernst Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in Warnemünde. He produced the He 70, the He 176, the He 178, the first turbojet, the He 111 and the He 162. Heinkel was tried for war crimes but released. In 1950 he founded a new company which produced bicycles and motorbikes.