4 December – Today in German History


  • Through a series of calculated political moves, Kurt von Schleicher forces the chancellor Franz von Papen to resign and is able to succeed him in the position. In an attempt at revenge, von Papen will make a deal with Hitler allowing the Nazi leader to take the position of Chancellor. Von Papen believes he will be able to control him.


  • U.S. bombers attack the Italian mainland for the first time during World War II.