- Finland, under increasing pressure from both the United States and the Soviet Union, finally declares war on its former partner, Germany.
Shortly after the Red Army broke through to the Karelian Isthmus in June 1944, the Finnish president, Risto Ryti, resigned. Around this same time, the United States broke off relations with Finland after repeated demands that Ryti renounces his alliance with Germany were rebuffed. Ryti’s successor, Gustaf Mannerheim, immediately sued for an armistice with the Soviet Union. This was signed on September 19, 1944; Finland agreed to the terms of the 1940 Treaty of Moscow and to throw all German troops off Finnish soil. The final act of capitulation came on March 3, 1945, with a formal declaration of war against the already dying Germany.