The Nuremberg trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces after World War II, most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany. The trials were held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany. The first, and best known of these trials, described as “the greatest trial in history” by Norman Birkett, one of the British judges who presided over it, was the trial of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal (IMT). Held between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946, the Tribunal was given the task of trying 23 of the most important political and military leaders of the Third Reich, though one of the defendants, Martin Bormann, was tried in absentia, while another, Robert Ley, committed suicide within a week of the trial’s commencement. Not included were Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Joseph Goebbels, all of whom had committed suicide several months before the indictment was signed. The second set of trials of lesser war criminals was conducted under Control Council Law No. 10 at the U.S. Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT); among these included the Doctors’ Trial and the Judges’ Trial.
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Hermann Goering at the Nuremburg Trials.
Defendants in the dock at the Nuremberg trials.
Former German Reichsmarschall and Commander of the Luftwaffe Hermann Göring – a.k.a. “The Bad Nazi” – during cross examination at his trial for war crimes in Room 600 at the Palace of Justice during the International Military Tribunal (IMT), Nuremberg, Germany, 15 March 1946.
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Defendants in the dock at the Nuremberg Trials.
Göring (first row, far left) at the Nuremberg Trials.
Some of the defendants at Nuremberg. Front row, from left to right: Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel. Back row from left to right: Karl Döwnitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl.
Brandt on trial, August 20, 1947.
1946 Nuremberg courtroom.
Hess (left) and Joachim von Ribbentrop in the defendants’ box at the Nuremberg Trials.
Hans Frank as a defendant before the International Military Tribunal.
Alfred Rosenberg (right) at the Nuremberg trials, with Hans Frank (centre) and Alfred Jodl.
Hess in his cell, November 1945 at Landsberg Prison awaiting trial.
Interrogation of Axmann in Nuremberg, 16 October 1947.
Kaltenbrunner wheeled into court during the Nuremberg trials after an illness.
Alfred Rosenberg after his hanging.
Hans Frank’s corpse after his hanging.
Kaltenbrunner’s body after execution by hanging on 16 October 1946.
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