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40. Fallschirmjägerbataillon Willi Sänger was the only airborne infantry formation of the Nationale Volksarmee (NVA). The battalion and its airborne-commando school were based in Prora on Rügen from 1961 t0 1982 then near Potsdam from 1982 to 1990. Officially, the battalion was an airborne unit organized as an NVA light infantry battalion, but in reality it was considered a commando unit. On mission, the companies of the battalion were to be split up into teams of five or six men. As a force with special capabilities, it remained under the direct command of the army high command, Kommando Landstreitkräfte, KdoLaSK.
The reconnaissance company of the Felix Dzerzhinsky Guards Regiment (German: Wachregiment Feliks E. Dzierzynski), an elite motorized rifle regiment of the Ministry for State Security of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), was a parachute-trained unit.
Grenztruppen der DDR – Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic
The Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic, in German Grenztruppen der DDR, were a military force of the GDR and the primary force guarding the Berlin Wall and the border between East and West Germany. The Border Troops numbered at their peak approximately 47,000 troops. Except the Soviet Union, no other Warsaw Pact country had such a large border guard force.
The border guards were responsible for many deaths at the Berlin Wall. At least 29 border guards were killed in the line of duty.