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Alexander Conrady, 16 July 1903 – 21 December 1983, was a German general during World War II who commanded the 36th Infantry Division. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany. Conrady was taken prisoner by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration; he was released in 1955.
Ludwig Crüwell, 20 March 1892 – 25 September 1958, was a general in the Afrika Korps of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. Crüwell surrendered to the British forces on 29 May 1942 and was interned at Trent Park, the British camp for high-ranking POWs where his conversations were subject to covert surveillance.
Karl Gustav Adolf Decker, 30 November 1897 – 21 April 1945, was a German general in the infantry, serving during World War II. Trapped in the Ruhr Pocket, Decker committed suicide on 21 April 1945. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Maximilian de Angelis
Maximilian de Angelis, 2 October 1889 – 6 December 1974, was a General in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.
Born on 2 October 1889 in Budapest, Maximilian de Angelis was an Oberleutnant in thé artillery in 1910 and ended the 1914-18 World War I as a Hauptmann. He pursued his career in the Austrian army, rising to the rank of Oberst on 28 June 1933. Promoted to Generalmajor on 15 March 1938 then Generalleutnant on 1 June 1940 and General der Artillerie on 1 March 1942. During World War II, he commanded 76. Infanterie-Division, then the XXXXIV. Armeekorps. He then commands the 6. Armee then 2. Panzerarmee. He kept this command until the end of the war. Sentenced to 20 years imprisonment by the Yugoslav authorities and sentenced two times to 25 years by the Soviet authorities, he was released on 11 October 1955and repatriated to Germany. He died at Graz in Austria on 6 December 1974.
Walter Chales de Beaulieu
Walter Chales de Beaulieu, 14 June 1898 in Saalfeld – 26 August 1974 in Kressbronn am Bodensee, was a German lieutenant general in World War II and author.
Eduard Dietl, 21 July 1890 – 23 June 1944, was a German general of World War II. He was born in Bad Aibling, Bavaria. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Major-General Dr. Walter Robert Dornberger, 6 September 1895 – 27 June 1980, was a German Army artillery officer whose career spanned World Wars I and II. He was a leader of Germany’s V-2 rocket program and other projects at the Peenemünde Army Research Center.
Dornberger was born in Gießen and enlisted in 1914. In October 1918, as an artillery lieutenant Dornberger was captured by US Marines and spent two years in a French prisoner-of-war camp (mostly in solitary confinement because of repeated escape attempts). In the late 1920s, Dornberger completed an engineering course with distinction at the Berlin Technical Institute, and in the Spring of 1930, Dornberger graduated after five years with an MS degree in mechanical engineering from the Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg in Berlin. In 1935, Dornberger received an honorary doctorate, which Col. Karl Emil Becker arranged as Dean of the new Faculty of Military Technology at the TH Berlin.
Anton Dostler, 10 May 1891 – 1 December 1945, was a general of the infantry in the regular German Army during World War II. In the first Allied war trial after the war, Dostler was found guilty of war crimes and executed by firing squad.
Anton Dostler joined the German Army in 1910 and served as a junior officer during World War I. From the start of World War II to 1940, he served as chief of staff of the 7th Army. Subsequently, he commanded the 57th Infantry Division (1941–1942), the 163rd Infantry Division (1942) and after some temporary stand-ins at corps, was appointed commander of 75th Army Corps (Jan-July 1944) in Italy and then as commander of the Venetian Coast (Sept to Nov 1944) when its name was changed to 73rd Army Corps, at which he finished the war.
Otto Johann Drescher, 5 October 1895 – 13 August 1944, was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Heer during World War II and a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. He was awarded the Knights Cross on 6 April 1945. He held multiple commands from the 35. Infantry Division and the 267. Infantry Division. Drescher died on 13 August 1944 in Memel (Klaipėda).
Drescher received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 6 April 1944 as Kommandeur of 267. Infanterie-Division. The medal was awarded for the achievements of his Division during the time period February 21-29, 1944. According to a Wehrmachtbericht excerpt from March 1, 1944, he and his Division had held out during all this time against much larger attacking forces and defeated all hostile breakthrough attempts despite the difficult terrain and weather conditions. The 4. Armee specially recognized the Division for its efforts during the time period February 22-March 2,1944, during which it withstood the main effort of the Soviet offensive and prevented an enemy breakthrough to Stary Bischoff and Mogilev. It is also known that Drescher saved the frontline from being torn open a total of three times during this period, all through his own independent actions. He particularly distinguished himself when the Soviets were pushing back a neighboring division. On this occasion, Drescher removed one of his Grenadier-Regiments from the frontline and dispatched it along with some artillery in such a way that contact to the neighboring division was maintained. This action also secured an important road/railway junction. He also achieved a major tactical victory on the night of the February 25-26,1944, when the Soviets tried to infiltrate through the line. They succeeded, however, Drescher was able to eliminate this force with his last reserves which comprised of remnants and security units.
Heinrich Eberbach, 24 November 1895 – 13 July 1992, was a German general during World War II who commanded the 5th Panzer Army during the Allied invasion of Normandy. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany.
Johann Heinrich Eckhardt
Johann-Heinrich Eckhardt, 3 December 1896 – 15 May 1945, was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany. Eckhardt surrendered to the American troops on 8 May 1945 and died in custody on 15 May 1945.
Walter Elflein, 10 December 1914 – 30 December 2000, was a highly decorated Major der Reserve in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Gerhard Michael Engel, 13 April 1906 – 9 December 1976, was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions after serving as adjutant to Adolf Hitler. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Gerhard Engel was captured by American troops in 1945 and was held until 1947.
Erwin Engelbrecht, 12 November 1891 in Wildpark Potsdam – 8 April 1964 in Munich, was a General der Artillerie in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross.
In January 1939, Engelbrecht was promoted to Major-General, in September 1942 to General of the Artillery. During 1939 – 1942, he was the commander of the 163rd Infantry Division (Engelbrecht Division); and later he was assigned to special forces.
On 9 April 1940, onboard the German cruiser Blücher, he led the staff of the forces designated to occupy Oslo during the invasion of Norway. When the ship was sunk, he managed to swim ashore. Along with hundreds of other survivors, Engelbrecht was detained by Norwegian guardsmen at a farm near Drøbak for several hours before being abandoned by their captors.
In 1941 his division was allowed to cross Sweden to join Finnish forces in Karelia, the only such large scale transit at the time.