World War 2 Generals – I thru O / 2. Weltkrieg Generäle – I bis O

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Emilio Esteban Infantes

Emilio Esteban-Infantes y Martín (May 18, 1892 – September 6, 1962) was a Spanish soldier and staff officer who served during the Spanish Civil War, and later in World War II as commander of the Wehrmacht’s Blue Division (Spanish División Azul, German: Blaue Division), or 250. Infanterie-Division of the German Army integrated mostly by Spanish falangist volunteers. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded by the Third Reich to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

 Hans Jordan

Hans Jordan (27 December 1892, Scheuern, Baden – 20 April 1975) was a German general during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Jordan was given command of the 9th Army on 20 May 1944. The Soviet offensive Operation Bagration began on 22 June 1944. In the northern sector the Soviet offensive the 1st Belorussian Front under the command of Colonel General Konstantin Rokossovsky breached the Jordan’s 9th Army defensive positions south and north of Babruysk. Jordan was unable to halt the Soviet offensive and Babruysk was encircled on 27 June 1944. Adolf Hitler made Jordan responsible for this defeat and released him of his command on 26 June, placing him on the Führerreserve.

Erich Kahsnitz

Erich Kahsnitz (17 February 1898 – 29 July 1943) was a highly decorated Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, which was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Kahsnitz was wounded on 5 July 1943, near Belgorod, during the Battle of Kursk. He died of his wounds on 29 July 1943 in Breslau and was posthumously promoted to Generalmajor.

Werner Kempf

Werner Kempf (9 March 1886 – 6 January 1964) was a German general during the Nazi era. He rose to corps-level command during World War II. Kempf is best known for commanding the Army Detachment Kempf during the Battle of Kursk.

Heinrich Kirchheim

Heinrich Kirchheim (6 April 1882 – 14 December 1973) was a German generalleutnant who served in both World War I and World War II. He is also one of few German officers who were awarded the Pour le Mérite and the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. He also served as a deputy member on the “Court of Military Honour,” a drumhead court-martial that expelled many of the officers involved in the July 20 Plot from the Army before handing them over to the People’s Court.

Bodewin Keitel

Bodewin Claus Eduard Keitel (born December 25, 1888 in Helmscherode, Germany; and died on July 29, 1953 in Göttingen). He was a German officer, at the end of World War II he was General of the Infantry.

Günther Klammt

Günther Klammt (May 9, 1898 in Löwenberg in Silesia , † May 16, 1971 in Lübeck ) was a German officer , most recently Major General and last commander of the 260th Infantry Division of the Wehrmacht in World War II . He signed as one of 50 in Soviet captivity located generals calling the National Committee for a Free Germany .

Richard Koll

Richard Koll (7 April 1897 – 13 May 1963) was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the 1. Panzer-Division. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Richard Koll was captured by British troops in 1945 and was released in 1946.

August Krakau

August Krakau (12 September 1894 – 7 January 1975) was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. August Krakau was captured by British troops in 1945 and was held until 1947.

Hans Kreysing

Hans Kreysing (17 August 1890 – 14 April 1969) was a German general who commanded the 3. Gebirgs-Division. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Georg Koßmala

Georg Koßmala (22 October 1896 – 18 March 1945) was a Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Georg Koßmala was killed on 18 March 1945 in Oberglogau in Lower Silesia.

Hans Krebs

Hans Krebs, 4 March 1898 – 2 May 1945, was a German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) general of infantry who served during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Franz Landgraf

Franz Landgraf, 16 July 1888 – 19 April 1944, was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross.

Willy Langkeit

Willy Langkeit, 2 June 1907 – 27 October 1969, was a Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Willy Langkeit was taken prisoner by American troops in May 1945 and transferred to British custody later that month. He was held until 1947 and later joined the Bundesgrenzschutz (Federal Border Guards) in 1951, retiring in 1967.

Joachim Lemelsen

Joachim Lemelsen, 28 September 1888 – 30 March 1954,  was a German general during World War II who rose to army-level command.

During Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, troops of the XLVII Motorized Corps under his command executed the criminal Commissar Order, prompting Lemelsen to complain: “Soon the Russians will get to hear about the countless corpses lying along the routes taken by our soldiers (…). The result will be that the enemy will hide in the woods and fields and continue to fight–and we shall lose countless comrades”.

Gerhard Lindemann

Gerhard Heinrich Lindemann, 2 August 1896 – 28 April 1994 was a German general (Generalmajor) in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, awarded by Nazi Germany for successful military leadership.

Lindemann surrendered to the Red Army in the course of the Soviet July 1944 Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive. Convicted as a war criminal in the Soviet Union he was held until 1955.

Vollrath Lübbe

Vollrath Lübbe, 4 March 1894 – 4 April 1969, was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Vollrath Lübbe was captured by Soviet troops in February 1945 and was held until October 1955.

Siegfried Macholz

Siegfried Macholz (20 September 1890 – 25 May 1975) was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Siegfried Macholz was captured by British troops in May 1945 in Norway, he was held until October 1947.

Robert Martinek

Robert Martinek (2 February 1889 – 28 June 1944) was an Austrian general who served in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.

Born in 1889, Martinek enlisted in the army of Austria-Hungary in 1907 and served during World War I. During World War II, he commanded the 267th Infantry Division from late 1941–1942, and the 7th Mountain Division during 1942. He was in command of the heavy concentrations of artillery in the Siege of Sevastopol. On 1 December 1942, Martinek took command of XXXIX Panzer Corps.

In June 1944, the XXXIX Panzer Corps was assigned to Army Group Centre in the Belorussian SSR. Shortly before the Soviet summer offensive, Operation Bagration, a battalion commander in the 12th Infantry Division raised concerns about a possible attack with Martinek, who was on a tour of inspection. Martinek agreed but in response cited the proverb “Whom God would destroy, he first strikes blind”. Soviet forces launched the offensive on 23 June; Martinek’s corps was rapidly outflanked. Martinek was killed in an air attack on 28 June near Berezino.

Karl Mauss

Karl Mauss (17 May 1898 – 9 February 1959) was German general during World War II. He commanded the 7th Panzer Division and was one of only 27 German military men to receive the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds.

Johannes Mayer

Johannes Mayer (6 September 1893 – 7 August 1963) was a German General of the Infantry, serving during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Walter Melzer

Walter Melzer (7 October 1894 – 23 June 1961) was a highly decorated General der Infanterie in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the XXIII corps. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Hans Mikosch

 Hans Mikosch, 7 January 1898 – 18 January 1993, was a German general (Generalleutnant) in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the 10th Panzergrenadier Division and then the 13th Panzer Division. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. Mikosch surrendered to the Red Army in April 1945; he remained in captivity until 1955.

Vincenz Müller

Vincenz Müller (5 November 1894, Aichach, Upper Bavaria – 12 May 1961) was a military officer and general who served in the German army, the Army of Nazi Germany, and after the war in the National People’s Army of the (East) German Democratic Republic, where he was also a politician.

Walther Nehring

Walther Kurt Josef Nehring (15 August 1892 – 20 April 1983), was a German general of World War II, known for his involvement with the Afrika Korps. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Heinrich Nickel

Heinrich Georg Nickel (5 December 1894 – 2 January 1979) was a German general who commanded the 342nd Infantry Division during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Heinrich Nickel was captured by Allied troops in May 1945 and was released in 1948.

Horst Niemack

Horst Niemack (10 March 1909 – 7 April 1992) was a German general in the infantry, serving during World War II and in the Bundeswehr. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Friedrich Olbricht

Friedrich Olbricht (4 October 1888 – 21 July 1944) was a German general and one of the plotters involved in the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler at the Wolfsschanze in East Prussia on 20 July 1944.

Hans Oster

Hans Oster (August 9, 1887 – April 9, 1945) was a German Army general, deputy head of the Abwehr under Wilhelm Canaris, and an opponent of Adolf Hitler and Nazism. He was a leading figure of the German resistance from 1938 to 1943.

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