World War 2 Generals – I thru L / 2. Weltkrieg Generäle – I durch L

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Emilio Esteban Infantes

Emilio Esteban-Infantes y Martín, 18 May 1892 – 6 September 1962, was a Spanish soldier and staff officer who served during the Spanish Civil War, and later in World War II as commander of the Wehrmacht’s Blue Division (Spanish División Azul, German: Blaue Division), or 250. Infanterie-Division of the German Army integrated mostly by Spanish falangist volunteers. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded by the Third Reich to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Erwin Jaenecke

Erwin Jaenecke, 22 April 1890 – 3 July 1960, a General in the Heer of Germany during World War II who commanded the 17th Army.

Jaenecke served on the Eastern Front as commander of the 389th Infantry Division and later the IV Army Corps. He was wounded at the Battle of Stalingrad and flown out as one of the last higher officers.

In April 1943, he commanded the LXXXII Army Corps, and from June 25th the 17th Army in the Caucasus and later the Crimean Peninsula. In a 29 April 1944 meeting with Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden, Jaenecke insisted that Sevastopol should be evacuated. He was relieved of his command afterward.

Later, he was held responsible for the loss of Crimea, arrested in Romania and court-martialed. Heinz Guderian was appointed as a special investigator in the case. Jaenecke was quietly acquitted in June 1944. Jaenecke was dismissed from the army on 31 January 1945. On 15 June 1945, he was arrested by the Soviet authorities and sentenced to death for his supposed crimes. His sentence was commuted to 25 years of hard labor. He was released in 1955.

 Hans Jordan

Hans Jordan, 27 December 1892, Scheuern, Baden – 20 April 1975, was a German general during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Jordan was given command of the 9th Army on 20 May 1944. The Soviet offensive Operation Bagration began on 22 June 1944. In the northern sector, the Soviet offensive the 1st Belorussian Front under the command of Colonel-General Konstantin Rokossovsky breached the Jordan’s 9th Army defensive positions south and north of Babruysk. Jordan was unable to halt the Soviet offensive and Babruysk was encircled on 27 June 1944. Adolf Hitler made Jordan responsible for this defeat and released him of his command on 26 June, placing him on the Führerreserve.

Erich Kahsnitz

Erich Kahsnitz, 17 February 1898 – 29 July 1943, was a highly decorated Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, which was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Kahsnitz was wounded on 5 July 1943, near Belgorod, during the Battle of Kursk. He died of his wounds on 29 July 1943 in Breslau and was posthumously promoted to Generalmajor.

Werner Kempf

Werner Kempf, 9 March 1886 – 6 January 1964, was a German general during the Nazi era. He rose to corps-level command during World War II. Kempf is best known for commanding the Army Detachment Kempf during the Battle of Kursk.

Heinrich Kirchheim

Heinrich Kirchheim, 6 April 1882 – 14 December 1973, was a German Generalleutnant who served in both World War I and World War II. He is also one of few German officers who were awarded the Pour le Mérite and the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. He also served as a deputy member on the “Court of Military Honour,” a drumhead court-martial that expelled many of the officers involved in the July 20 Plot from the Army before handing them over to the People’s Court.

Friedrich Kirchner*

Friedrich Kirchner, 26 March 1885 – 6 April 1960, was a German general during World War II who commanded 1st Panzer Division and the LVII Panzer Corps. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords.

Bodewin Keitel*

Bodewin Claus Eduard Keitel, 25 December 1888 in Helmscherode, Germany – 29 July 1953 in Göttingen. He was a German officer, at the end of World War II he was General of the Infantry.

Günther Klammt

Günther Klammt, 9 May 1898 in Löwenberg in Silesia – 16 May 1971 in Lübeck, was a German officer, most recently Major General and last commander of the 260th Infantry Division of the Wehrmacht in World War II. He signed as one of 50 in Soviet captivity located generals calling the National Committee for a Free Germany.

Richard Koll

Richard Koll, 7 April 1897 – 13 May 1963, was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the 1. Panzer-Division. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Richard Koll was captured by British troops in 1945 and was released in 1946.

August Krakau

August Krakau, 12 September 1894 – 7 January 1975, was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. August Krakau was captured by British troops in 1945 and was held until 1947.

Hans Kreysing

Hans Kreysing, 17 August 1890 – 14 April 1969, was a German general who commanded the 3. Gebirgs-Division. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Georg Koßmala

Georg Koßmala, 22 October 1896 – 18 March 1945, was a Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Georg Koßmala was killed on 18 March 1945 in Oberglogau in Lower Silesia.

Hans Krebs

Hans Krebs, 4 March 1898 – 2 May 1945, was a German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) general of infantry who served during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Franz Landgraf

Franz Landgraf, 16 July 1888 – 19 April 1944, was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross.

Willy Langkeit

Willy Langkeit, 2 June 1907 – 27 October 1969, was a Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Willy Langkeit was taken prisoner by American troops in May 1945 and transferred to British custody later that month. He was held until 1947 and later joined the Bundesgrenzschutz (Federal Border Guards) in 1951, retiring in 1967.

Joachim Lemelsen

Joachim Lemelsen, 28 September 1888 – 30 March 1954,  was a German general during World War II who rose to army-level command.

During Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, troops of the XLVII Motorized Corps under his command executed the criminal Commissar Order, prompting Lemelsen to complain: “Soon the Russians will get to hear about the countless corpses lying along the routes taken by our soldiers (…). The result will be that the enemy will hide in the woods and fields and continue to fight–and we shall lose countless comrades”.

Gerhard Lindemann

Gerhard Heinrich Lindemann, 2 August 1896 – 28 April 1994 was a German general (Generalmajor) in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, awarded by Nazi Germany for successful military leadership.

Lindemann surrendered to the Red Army in the course of the Soviet July 1944 Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive. Convicted as a war criminal in the Soviet Union he was held until 1955.

Vollrath Lübbe

Vollrath Lübbe, 4 March 1894 – 4 April 1969, was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Vollrath Lübbe was captured by Soviet troops in February 1945 and was held until October 1955.

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