World War 2 Generals – M thru O / 2. Weltkrieg Generäle – M durch O

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Siegfried Macholz

Siegfried Macholz, 20 September 1890 – 25 May 1975, was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Siegfried Macholz was captured by British troops in May 1945 in Norway, he was held until October 1947.

Robert Martinek

Robert Martinek, 2 February 1889 – 28 June 1944, was an Austrian general who served in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.

Born in 1889, Martinek enlisted in the army of Austria-Hungary in 1907 and served during World War I. During World War II, he commanded the 267th Infantry Division from late 1941–1942, and the 7th Mountain Division during 1942. He was in command of the heavy concentrations of artillery in the Siege of Sevastopol. On 1 December 1942, Martinek took command of XXXIX Panzer Corps.

In June 1944, the XXXIX Panzer Corps was assigned to Army Group Centre in the Belorussian SSR. Shortly before the Soviet summer offensive, Operation Bagration, a battalion commander in the 12th Infantry Division raised concerns about a possible attack with Martinek, who was on a tour of inspection. Martinek agreed but in response cited the proverb “Whom God would destroy, he first strikes blind”. Soviet forces launched the offensive on 23 June; Martinek’s corps was rapidly outflanked. Martinek was killed in an air attack on 28 June near Berezino.

Karl Mauss

Karl Mauss, 17 May 1898 – 9 February 1959, was German general during World War II. He commanded the 7th Panzer Division and was one of only 27 German military men to receive the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds.

Johannes Mayer

Johannes Mayer, 6 September 1893 – 7 August 1963, was a German General of the Infantry, serving during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Walter Melzer

Walter Melzer, 7 October 1894 – 23 June 1961, was a highly decorated General der Infanterie in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the XXIII Corps. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Hermann Meyer-Rabingen

Hermann Meyer-Rabingen, 7 July 1887 – 21 February 1961, was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Hans Mikosch

Hans Mikosch, 7 January 1898 – 18 January 1993, was a German general (Generalleutnant) in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the 10th Panzergrenadier Division and then the 13th Panzer Division. He was a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. Mikosch surrendered to the Red Army in April 1945; he remained in captivity until 1955.

Vincenz Müller

Vincenz Müller, 5 November 1894, Aichach, Upper Bavaria – 12 May 1961, was a military officer and general who served in the German army, the Army of Nazi Germany, and after the war in the National People’s Army of the (East) German Democratic Republic, where he was also a politician.

Walther Nehring

Walther Kurt Josef Nehring, 15 August 1892 – 20 April 1983, was a German general of World War II, known for his involvement with the Afrika Korps. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Ferdinand Neuling

Ferdinand Neuling, 22 August 1885 – 20 February 1960, was a general of the Heer during World War II.

Heinrich Nickel

Heinrich Georg Nickel, 5 December 1894 – 2 January 1979, was a German general who commanded the 342nd Infantry Division during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Heinrich Nickel was captured by Allied troops in May 1945 and was released in 1948.

Horst Niemack

Horst Niemack, 10 March 1909 – 7 April 1992, was a German general in the infantry, serving during World War II and in the Bundeswehr. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Friedrich Olbricht

Friedrich Olbricht, 4 October 1888 – 21 July 1944, was a German general and one of the plotters involved in the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler at the Wolfsschanze in East Prussia on 20 July 1944.

Hans Oster

Hans Oster (August 9, 1887 – April 9, 1945) was a German Army general, deputy head of the Abwehr under Wilhelm Canaris, and an opponent of Adolf Hitler and Nazism. He was a leading figure of the German resistance from 1938 to 1943.

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