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Johannes “Hannes” Trautloft
Johannes “Hannes” Trautloft (3 March 1912 – 11 January 1995) was a German World War II fighter ace who served in the Luftwaffe from 1932 until the end of the war and again from 1957–70. He flew 560 combat sorties and was credited with 58 victories.
Heinrich Graf von Einsiedel
Heinrich Graf von Einsiede, 26 July 1921 – 18 July 2007, was a German journalist, politician, and World War II Luftwaffe ace.
Franz von Werra
Franz Xaver Baron von Werra, 13 July 1914 – 25 October 1941, was a German World War II fighter pilot and flying ace who was shot down over Britain and captured. He is generally regarded as the only Axis prisoner of war to succeed in escaping from a Canadian prisoner of war camp and returning to Germany, though a second man, a U-Boat rating named Walter Kurt Reich is said to have jumped from a Polish troopship (presumably the ex-liner Sobieski) in the St. Lawrence River in July 1940. Von Werra managed to return to Germany via the USA, Mexico, South America, and Spain to reach Germany on 18 April 1941. Oberleutnant von Werra was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 14 December 1940.
Erich Weißflog, 29 November 1919 – 10 January 1999, was a highly decorated Oberleutnant in the Luftwaffe during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Theodor Weissenberger, 21 December 1914 – 11 June 1950, was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II and a fighter ace credited with 208 enemy aircraft shot down in 375 combat missions. The majority of his victories were claimed near the Arctic Ocean in the northern sector of the Eastern Front, but he also claimed 33 victories over the Western Front. He claimed eight of these victories over the Western Allies while flying the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter.
Born in Mühlheim am Main in the German Empire, Weissenberger, who had been a glider pilot in his youth, volunteered for service in the Luftwaffe of the Third Reich in 1936. Following flight training, he was posted to the heavy fighter squadron of Jagdgeschwader 77 (JG 77—77th Fighter Wing) in 1941. He claimed his first aerial victory over Norway on 24 October 1941. After 23 aerial victories as a heavy fighter pilot, he received the German Cross in Gold and was then posted to Jagdgeschwader 5 (JG 5—5th Fighter Wing) in September 1942. There he received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 13 November 1942 after 38 aerial victories.
In June 1943, Weissenberger was appointed Staffelkapitän of 7. Staffel of JG 5. Following his 112th aerial victory, he was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves on 2 August 1943. He was appointed Staffelkapitän of 6. Staffel in September 1943 and in March 1944 he was given command of II. Gruppe of JG 5 which was operating in Defense of the Reich missions. In June 1944 he took command of I. Gruppe of JG 5 which defended against the Invasion of Normandy. Weissenberger claimed 25 aerial victories in this theater, which included his 200th victory on 25 July 1944.
After conversion training to the Me 262 jet fighter, he was appointed the commander of I. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 7 “Nowotny” (JG 7—7th Fighter Wing), the first operational jet fighter wing in the world, in November 1944. Promoted to Major (major), he took command of JG 7 “Nowotny” as a Geschwaderkommodore in January 1945, a position he held until the end of hostilities.
He was killed in a car racing accident on 11 June 1950 at the Nürburgring.
Johannes Wiese, 7 March 1915 – 16 August 1991, was a German Luftwaffe pilot during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 133 enemy aircraft shot down in 480 combat missions. He claimed all of his victories over the Eastern Front, including over 50 Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik ground attack aircraft.
Born in Breslau, Wiese volunteered for military service in the Reichswehr of the Third Reich in 1934. Initially serving in the Heer, he transferred to the Luftwaffe in 1936. Following flight training, he was posted to Jagdgeschwader 52 in June 1941 just prior to Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union. He claimed his first aerial victory on 23 September 1941. On 26 June 1942, Wiese was appointed Staffelkapitän of the 2. Staffel of JG 52 and received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 5 January 1943 following his 53rd aerial victory. On 11 May 1943, Wiese was tasked with the leadership of I. Gruppe of JG 52 and was officially appointed its Gruppenkommandeur on 13 November 1943. Following his 133rd aerial victory, he received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves on 2 March 1944.
In October 1944, Wiese was posted to the Geschwaderstab of Jagdgeschwader 77 in Defense of the Reich and on 7 November 1944, he was appointed its Geschwaderkommodore. After the war in 1956, he joined the Bundeswehr and worked for the Military History Research Office. He retired on 10 November 1970 holding the rank of Oberstleutnant. Wiese died on 16 August 1991 in Kirchzarten and was buried in Berlin-Nikolassee.
Wolf-Dietrich Wilcke, born 11 March 1913 in Schrimm, Posen, killed in action 23 March 1944 near Schöppenstedt, was a German World War II fighter ace who served in the Luftwaffe from 1935 until his death. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
- Hauptmann Erwin Aichele
- Sergeant Major Erich Axthammer
- Rudolf Blaser
- Hauptmann Kurt Ebersberger
- Franz Dietrich Fadenau
- Hauptmann Willi Flechner
- Leutenant Otto Fries
- Hauptmann Helmut Fuhrhop
- Major Heinrich Gerlach
- Oberleutnant Ramón Escudé Gilbert
- Oberfeldwebel Walter Grünlinger
- Hauptmann G. Hitgen
- Hauptmann Konrad Kahl
- Hauptmann Rudolf Laumann
- Leutnant Kurt Loos
- Hauptmann Josef Luxenburger
- Major Helmut Naumann
- Oberfeldwebel Johann-Peter Oekenpöhler
- Karl-Heinz Plücker
- Unteroffizier Gerhard Proske
- Leutnant Hermann Reese
- Oberst Hans Dietrich Riesl
- Hermann Segatz
- Major der Reserve Rudolf “Rudi” Schoenert
- Feldwebel Willi Schultz
- Oberfeldwebel Albert Spieth
- Hauptmann Erich Stoffregen
- Leutnant Wolfgang “Ameise” Thimmig
- Unteroffizier Arno Zimmermann