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Military Museum Lešany – Czech Republic
The Military Technical Museum Lešany is a museum of military vehicles located in the Czech Republic about 20 kilometers south of Prague. Its exposition contains over 700 historic tanks, cannons, motorcycles, armored vehicles, trucks, military passenger vehicles, missile systems and other military equipment manufactured in the period from 1890 up to present.
The Museum was established in 1996 in a former artillery barracks between the villages of Krhanice and Lešany, near Týnec nad Sázavou. The collections are presented in 9 small halls, 6 roofed areas and also in the open air. Since 2003, a so-called ‘Tank Day’ is held every year at the end of the season (usually end of August/beginning of September) in the area of the museum, where many of the tanks and other military vehicles from the museum’s collection are presented in dynamic displays. The army of the Czech Republic participates in these events, therefore current military equipment of the Czech Army can also be seen on display. There are also events at the beginning of every season (in May) which are usually dedicated to other branches of ground equipment, like “Artillery day”, “AAA day”, “Tatra day”, etc.
Military Museum of Finland
The Military Museum of Finland (Finnish: Sotamuseo) is the central museum of the Finnish Defence Forces and the national special museum of military history. It is located in Helsinki and it is part of the Finnish National Defence University. In 2018, the Military Museum’s exhibitions in Suomenlinna had around 131,000 visitors. The most popular exhibition is the submarine Vesikko, visited by around 50,000 people annually. Military Museum’s exhibitions in Suomenlinna are located at Manege and Artillery Maneage.
The Military Museum’s task is to collect, preserve, research and display artifacts and other heritage related to the development of the Defence Forces of Finland, Finland’s military history and to the history of weaponry.
Military Vehicle Technology Foundation – Littlefield Collection
(Now Closed and Defunct)
The Military Vehicle Technology Foundation is a large collection of military vehicles located in Portola Valley, California, USA. It was founded in 1975 by Jacques Littlefield and now is under the direction of Bill Boller.
The first acquisition was an unrestored M3A1 Scout Car. The first two tanks arrived on site in 1983, and by 1988 the collection comprised five armored vehicles. Subsequent military vehicles and associated equipment were acquired from dealers, collectors, or in the trade with various museums or government agencies in the United States and abroad. By the middle of the 1990s, the collection included examples from almost all historically significant land battles of the last half-century. The oldest armored military vehicle in the collection is a World War I era M1917 light tank.
The Foundation was established in early 1998. Littlefield’s major objective for the Foundation was to preserve the collection for the future. Over 200 armored fighting vehicles were present in the collection. The foundation offers tours of its collection. In July 2014, tours were available with a mandatory donation until the inventory was transported to the new museum in Stow.
In 2012, the foundation started a new program in conjunction with the Boy Scouts of America to start the youth Venturing Crew 551. Crew 551’s stated goals were to assist in the restoration of vehicles and to help educate the public through tours and presentations about the significance of armored vehicles throughout history.
The foundation signed over its collection to the Collings Foundation on July 4, 2013. A year later, the Collings Foundation auctioned off 120 of the vehicles to fund the creation of a new museum to display the collection at the Collings Foundation headquarters in Stow, Massachusetts.
In 2015, the Stow Planning Board questioned the educational merit of the proposed museum. The educational purpose was needed in order to allow the planned 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) museum to be built on land that was zoned for residential use. The Planning Board rejected the foundation’s application in August 2015 but a settlement was eventually reached in July 2017 and construction of the museum was completed in 2018. The museum held a preview opening in October 2018 and will open fully in April 2019.
The MVTF officially closed for tours on March 25, 2018. The last of the vehicles left the premises on July 30, 2018.
Musée de l’Armée – Paris, France
The Army Museum is a French national military museum located in the Hôtel des Invalides in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.
Musée national de la Marine – Brest, France
The National Maritime Museum of Brest is one of five national museums of the Navy with Port Louis, Rochefort, Toulon, and Paris. The museum of Brest, located within the framework of the castle, shelters a heritage testifying of the history of the arsenal of Brest and the French Navy.
The visit of this maritime museum combines interior and exterior and allows to discover its maritime collections: models of ships, instruments of navigation, paintings, sculptures (figures of bow and stern, busts of legendary figures related to the maritime world), and objects of art.
- Guided tours by reservation in French and English – professional guides.
- Guided tours every day in July and August.
- Night visits every Wednesday in summer by reservation.
- Animations for school.
- Relay teacher, pedagogical files, evolutionary model, dedicated rooms.
- Thematic visits: castle architecture, shipbuilding, naval decoration, life on board, arsenal, Lapérouse expedition.
Museo de Armas de la Nacion – Buenos Aires, Argentina
Museum of Aviation – Belgrade, Serbia
The Museum of Aviation (formerly the Yugoslav Aeronautical Museum) was founded in 1957 in Surčin, Belgrade. The museum is located adjacent to Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport. The current facility, designed by architect Ivan Štraus, was opened to the public on May 21, 1989.
Museum of Flight – Tukwila, United States
The Museum of Flight is a private non-profit air and space museum in the northwest United States. It is located at the southern end of King County International Airport (Boeing Field), in the city of Tukwila, just south of Seattle. It was established in 1965 and is fully accredited by the American Alliance of Museums. As the largest private air and space museum in the world, it also hosts the largest K-12 educational programs in the world.
The museum attracts over 500,000 visitors every year. The museum serves more than 140,000 students yearly through both its onsite programs: a Challenger Learning Center, an Aviation Learning Center, and a summer camp (ACE), as well as outreach programs that travel throughout Washington and Oregon.
Museum of Military History – Vienna, Austria
The Museum of Military History – Military History Institute (German: Heeresgeschichtliches Museum – Militärhistorisches Institut) in Vienna is the leading museum of the Austrian Armed Forces. It documents the history of Austrian military affairs through a wide range of exhibits comprising, above all, weapons, armours, tanks, aeroplanes, uniforms, flags, paintings, medals and badges of honour, photographs, battleship models, and documents. Although the museum is owned by the Federal Government, it is not affiliated to the Federal museums but is organised as a subordinate agency reporting directly to the Ministry of Defence and Sports.
Museum of the Great Patriotic War – Moscow, Russia
The Museum of the Great Patriotic War is a history museum located in Moscow at Poklonnaya Gora. The building was designed by architect Anatoly Polyansky. Work on the museum began on March 3, 1986, and the museum was opened to the public on May 9, 1995. The museum features exhibits and memorials concerning World War II, known in Russia as “The Great Patriotic War”.
The Museum of the Slovak National Uprising (SNP) – Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
The Museum of the Slovak National Uprising (SNP) is situated in an architecturally unusual building built in 1969 as the Memorial of the Slovak National Uprising. It is located in the middle of a park that includes an open-air museum of heavy military equipment used in the SNP.
The building symbolically divided into two parts linked by a bridge. Under the bridge, in the reverence hall with the tomb of the Unknown Soldier, burns the ever-burning light. The author of the memorial is Dušan Kuzma. The building is situated on the south-western edge of the historical centre of Banská Bystrica. A plane that provided the supplies to partisans using the airport Tri Duby in Sliač is located near the entrance to the park.
The museum specialises in documenting the development of the Slovak society in the wartime years 1938 – 1945. Its exhibitions as well as the archives concentrate on materials concerning anti-fascist national fight for liberty and the Slovak National Uprising.
In 2004 a new permanent exhibition was opened in the museum concerning the anti-fascist resistance movement in Europe in the years 1939 – 1945.
Múzeum dopravy v Bratislave – Museum of Transport in Bratislava – Bratislava, Slovakia
The Museum of Transport in Bratislava is a branch of the Slovak Technical Museum. The museum is a comprehensive transport museum with a permanent exposition of road and rail transport vehicles. The museum is located on the premises of the first Bratislava railway station, the former 19th century Hungarian Central Railway, on its track and two adjacent warehouses. The headquarters of the Railway Police Headquarters are located in the main station building. The museum complex together with the DG RU building is a national cultural monument and under the ÚZPF register under no. 599 / 1-4.
National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C.. It holds the largest collection of historic aircraft and spacecraft in the world. It was established in 1946 as the National Air Museum and opened its main building on the National Mall near L’Enfant Plaza in 1976. In 2016, the museum saw approximately 7.5 million visitors, making it the second most visited museum in the world, and the most visited museum in the United States. The museum contains the Apollo 11 command module, the Friendship 7 capsule which was flown by John Glenn, Charles Lindbergh’s The Spirit of St. Louis, the Bell X-1 which broke the sound barrier, and the Wright brothers’ plane near the entrance.
The National Air and Space Museum is a center for research into the history and science of aviation and spaceflight, as well as planetary science and terrestrial geology and geophysics. Almost all space and aircraft on display are originals or the original backup craft. It operates an annex, the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, at Dulles International Airport, which opened in 2003 and itself encompasses 760,000 square feet (71,000 m2). The museum currently conducts restoration of its collection at the Paul E. Garber Preservation, Restoration, and Storage Facility in Suitland, Maryland, while steadily moving such restoration and archival activities into the Mary Baker Engen Restoration Hangar, a part of the Udvar-Hazy annex facilities as of 2014.
National Museum of Flight – Scotland, United Kingdom
The National Museum of Flight is Scotland’s national aviation museum at East Fortune Airfield, just south of the village of East Fortune, in East Lothian. It is one of the museums within National Museums Scotland. The museum is housed in the original wartime buildings of RAF East Fortune which is one of the best preserved wartime airfields in the UK. As a result of this, the entire site is a scheduled ancient monument with no permanent structures added by the museum. The hangars, control tower and stores were designated as Category B listed buildings by Historic Scotland, but this designation was removed in 2013 as they were already covered by the stricter scheduling.
National Museum of the United States Air Force
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast of Dayton, Ohio. The NMUSAF has one of the world’s largest collections with more than 360 aircraft and missiles on display. The museum draws over 1.3 million visitors each year making it one of the most frequently visited tourist attractions in Ohio.
The National WWII Museum – New Orleans, United States
The National WWII Museum, formerly known as The National D-Day Museum, is a military history museum located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana, on Andrew Higgins Drive between Camp Street and Magazine Street. The museum focuses on the contribution made by the United States to Allied victory in World War II. Founded in 2000, it was later designated by the U.S. Congress as America’s official National WWII Museum in 2003. The museum maintains an affiliation with the Smithsonian Institution. The mission statement of the museum emphasizes the American experience in World War II.
Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum
Late in 1972, a few local enthusiasts met and decided that steps should be taken to record something of the history of aviation in the Eastern counties, and preserve aircraft and artefacts. A society was formed early the following year and activities commenced; a Nissen hut behind the Flixton post office soon became the base. In May 1976, the (now) museum was officially opened by the late Wing Commander Ken Wallis who went on to become President.
A larger building was soon required for the growing collection and efforts to find a suitable site on or around the Bungay/Flixton airfield were rewarded when a barn next to the Flixton Buck Inn was offered, along with the use of a meadow for aircraft. When further expansion needs arose they were met with the purchase in 1984 of almost 8 acres of land from the owners of the Buck Inn, and work commenced on sourcing and erecting buildings and a hangar. The barn was eventually vacated in 1990.
The theme of the collection has grown from 1) the occupation of the airfield by the 446th Bomb Group USAAF, followed briefly by the Fleet Air Arm and then the Royal Air Force, and 2) aviation in the East of England. These broad headings have permitted a very varied collection of aircraft and artefacts to be gathered and displayed, and virtually everything has been donated by visitors. The collection continues to grow and when appropriate a new building is erected, although unused space is becoming scarce owing to the need to provide for car parking.
The collection early in 2014 comprised 66 aircraft (including cockpits), and more than 30,000 smaller artefacts. 11 aircraft and 6 cockpits are displayed outdoors but everything else is on view within themed buildings for the Royal Observer Corps No. 6 Group, the 446th (H) Bomb Group USAAF, RAF Bomber Command, RAF Air-Sea Rescue & Coastal Command, and local aviation from the pioneer years to the present day. There are also numerous exhibitions on special subjects including WWII Decoy Crews, Boulton & Paul Norwich, RAF Link Trainers, aerial photography, radio/radar/electronic counter measures, the Home Front, and Luftwaffe wreckology. Facilities include a Shop, Archive & Library, snack area (NAAFI), picnic tables, and a raised boardwalk to the river through a Willow plantation – the Adair Walk.
Norwegian Armed Forces Aircraft Collection
Norwegian Armed Forces Aircraft Collection (Forsvarets flysamling Gardermoen) is a military aviation museum located at Gardermoen, north of Oslo, Norway. The founding of the Norwegian Aviation Historical Society in 1967, gave the first boost to the idea of preserving aircraft in Norway. The Collection’s Heinkel He 111 and Northrop N-3PB are among the aircraft traced, recovered and restored at the instigation of the NAHS. From the latter part of the 1970s onwards, a considerable number of historical aircraft were assembled in an old ex-Luftwaffe hangar at Gardermoen and from the mid-1980s the public were admitted to the hangar during summer. Most of the activities were – and still are – based on voluntary effort.
The establishment of the Norwegian Aviation Museum in Bodø in 1992 created in intense debate in the country, especially since it was the original intention to transfer all objects at Gardermoen to Bodø. After some years a compromise was found, and in 1997 funds were allocated for a new building at Gardermoen to house a military aviation museum. The new building was inaugurated in May 2000. From 1 January 2015 the collection is part of the Norwegian Air Force Museum/Armed Forces Museums.