Fuhrer’s Headquarters & Other Official Sites / Führerhauptquartier und andere offizielle Seiten

The Fuehrer Headquarters, abbreviated FHQ, is a common name used for a number of official headquarters by the leader Adolf Hitler and various German commanders throughout the Second World War. Perhaps the most widely known headquarters was the Fuhrerbunker in Berlin, Germany, where Hitler committed suicide on 30 April 1945. Wolf’s Lair in East Prussia, where Claus von Stauffenberg in league with other conspirators attempted to assassinate Hitler on July 20, 1944, and Hitler’s private home, the Berghof, at Obersalzberg near Berchtesgaden, where he is frequently associated with prominent foreign and domestic officials.

The Berghof, Hitler’s home near Berchtesgaden, became part of the Obersalzberg military complex. Other than the Wolfsschanze in East Prussia, Hitler spent more time at the Berghof than anywhere else during World War II.

History

At the beginning of World War II, there was no guide to the supreme leader. Hitler visits the frontlines by using either an airplane or his special train, the guide train; thus, the leader’s train can be regarded as the first of his field headquarters. The first permanent installation which became a leader Headquarters was the rock nest, which was used by Hitler during the Battle of France in May 1940. Hitler was spending most of his time in Berlin during the war the Wolfsschanze, spending more than 800 days at the latter.

The Führer’s Headquarters, which are meant to be used as a guide, communications, conference rooms, safety measures, bunkers, guard facilities etc. were prepared accordingly. Even Berghof and the Obersalzberg complex were modified and extended with considerable defense facilities (bunkers, guard posts etc.). The Wehrmacht Report, a daily report on the situation at the front, which is broadcast from the Leader Headquarters.

The Fuhrer Headquarters program uses over one million cubic meters of concrete, more than half at the Riese and Wolfsschlucht II. Forced laborers worked for nearly twelve million working days; two-thirds at Anlage Riese, Wolfsschlucht II, and Wolfsschanze.

The Führer Headquarters can not be considered a strict military headquarters; the Wehrmacht had their own, distinctly located in other places, yet often in the vicinity of the FHQs. Nevertheless, since Hitler very frequently intervened in the military command structure, the FHQs more than often became the de facto military headquarters. In reality, the Leader Headquarters consisted of Adolf Hitler and his entourage, including the High Command of the Wehrmacht (OKW), directly controlled by Hitler, liaison officers and adjutants.

Terminology

Every place Hitler stayed could not be considered a Leader Headquarters, and he did not stay at every official FHQ. Furthermore, some sources may not refer to the Berghof and the Führerbunker strictly as official German Führer Headquarters at that time in history, but both of them became de facto leader headquarters; thus, they are historically often referred to as search. The Berghof was modified in much the same way as other FHQs, and Hitler had daily conferences on military matters here. The Eagle’s Nest, ie the Eagle’s Nest, which is rarely used and may not be considered as FHQ as such; however, it is associated with the Berghof and part of the Obersalzberg military complex.

The Fuhrerbunker was located about 8.5 meters (28 ft) beneath the old Reich Chancellery at Wilhelmstraße 77, and 120 meters (390 ft) north of the new Reich Chancellery building at Voßstraße 6 in Berlin. It became a de facto leader of the headquarters during the Battle of Berlin, and ultimately, the last one of its headquarters.

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Führerbau

Hitler’s official residence in Munich, September 1938.

Führerbunker

The Führer Bunker (English: “Leader’s bunker”) at air-raid shelter located near the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, Germany. It was part of a subterranean bunker complex which was constructed in two major phases in 1936 and 1943. It was the last of the Fuehrer Headquarters used by Adolf Hitler.

Hitler took up residence in the Fuhrerbunker on 16 January 1945 and became the center of the Nazi regime until the World War II in Europe. Hitler married Eva Braun here during the last week of April 1945, shortly before they committed suicide.

After the War, both the old and new Chancellery buildings were leveled by the Soviets. Despite some attempts at demolition, the underground complex remains largely undisturbed until 1988-89. During the reconstruction of that area of ​​Berlin, the sections of the old bunker complex that were excavated were for the most part destroyed. The site remained unmarked until 2006 when a small plaque with a schematic was installed. Some corridors of the bunker still exist but are sealed off from the public.

Leader headquarters werewolf

Leader Headquarters werewolf what the codename used for one of Adolf Hitler’s World War II Eastern Front military headquarters located in a pine forest about 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) north of Vinnytsia, in Ukraine, which was used between 1942 and 1943. It was one of a number of leader Headquarters throughout Europe, and the most easterly ever used by Hitler in person.

Wolfsschanze or Wolf’s Lair

Wolf’s Lair, which was Adolf Hitler’s first Eastern Front military headquarters in World War II. The complex, which would become one of several Fuehrer Headquarters located in various parts of Europe, which was built for Operation Barbarossa – the invasion of the Soviet Union – in 1941. It was constructed by Organization Todt.

The top secret, high-security site was in the Masurian woods about 5 miles (8.0 km) from the small East Prussian town of Rastenburg (now Kętrzyn in Poland). It was guarded by personnel from the SS Reich Security Service and troops from the Wehrmacht’s armored leader Accompanying Brigade. Hitler’s Lair on 20 July 1944.

June 23, 1941. In total, he spent more than 800 days at the Wolfsschanze during a 3½-year period until his final departure on 20 November 1944. In the summer of 1944, work began to enlarge and reinforce many of the wolf’s lair’s original buildings, however, the work was never completed because of the rapid advance of the Red Army during the Baltic Offensive in 1944. On 25 January 1945, the complex was blown up and abandoned 48 hours before the arrival of Soviet forces.

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