This page features individuals who had role in the life of Adolf Hitler.
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Alwin-Broder Albrecht – Naval Adjutant
Alwin-Broder Albrecht, 18 September 1903 – 1 May 1945, was a German naval officer who was one of Adolf Hitler’s adjutants during World War II.
Hans Baur, 19 June 1897 – 17 February 1993, was Adolf Hitler’s pilot during Hitler’s political campaigns of the early 1930s. He later became Hitler’s personal pilot and leader of the Reichsregierung squadron. Apprehended by the Soviet Union at the end of World War II in Europe, he was imprisoned in the USSR for ten years before being extradited to France on 10 October 1955, where he was imprisoned until 1957. He died in Herrsching, Bavaria, in 1993.
Heinrich Borgmann – Heer Adjutant
Heinrich Borgmann, 15 August 1912 – 5 April 1945, was a German officer during World War II. He was seriously injured by the 20 July plot bomb planted by Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg at the Wolf’s Lair headquarters in Rastenburg, East Prussia. He was promoted to major and appointed to the Army Staff at Adolf Hitler’s headquarters as an adjutant in October 1943 and was then promoted to Oberstleutnant.
Eva Braun – Mistress and Wife
Eva Anna Paula Hitler (née Braun), 6 February 1912 – 30 April 1945, was the longtime companion of Adolf Hitler and, for less than 40 hours, his wife. Braun met Hitler in Munich when she was 17 years old, while she was working as an assistant and model for his personal photographer, and began seeing him often about two years later. She attempted suicide twice during their early relationship. By 1936, she was a part of his household at the Berghof near Berchtesgaden and lived a sheltered life throughout World War II. Braun was a photographer, and many of the surviving color photographs and films of Hitler were taken by her. She was a key figure within Hitler’s inner social circle but did not attend public events with him until mid-1944, when her sister Gretl married Hermann Fegelein, the SS liaison officer on his staff.
As the Third Reich collapsed towards the end of the war, Braun swore loyalty to Hitler and went to Berlin to be by his side in the heavily reinforced Führerbunker beneath the Reich Chancellery. As Red Army troops fought their way into the neighborhood on 29 April 1945, she married Hitler during a brief civil ceremony; she was 33 and he was 56. Less than 40 hours later, they committed suicide together in a sitting room of the bunker, she by biting into a capsule of cyanide, and he by a gunshot to the head. The German public was unaware of Braun’s relationship with Hitler until after their deaths.
Hugo Bruckmann, 13 October 1863 in Munich – 3 September 1941 in Munich, was a German publisher.
Bruckmann was the younger son of the publisher Friedrich Bruckmann. After his father’s death in 1898, Hugo and his brother Alphons became the owners of F. Bruckmann KAG in Munich. Bruckmann and his wife Elsa Bruckmann were among the early and highly influential promoters of Adolf Hitler, and they helped him with gaining access to, and acceptance within, upper-class circles in Munich.
The Bruckmanns were from 1928 public promoters of the National Socialist Society for German Culture. As from 1930, Hugo Bruckmann was a board member of the “Kampfbund” for German culture, founded by Alfred Rosenberg, and from 1932 until his death in 1941 he was an NSDAP member of the Reichstag. After Oskar von Millers resignation in 1933, Bruckmann became a member of the board for the German museums. His personal influence on Hitler was to some extent to reduce political interference within the cultural sphere. The attempt to ban Jewish books from libraries was successfully opposed by Bruckmann.
After the outbreak of World War II, Bruckmann was, because of personal connections, able to have his publishing house declared of special importance for the war effort. After his death in 1941, he was honored with a state funeral.
Wilhelm Brückner – Adjutant
Wilhelm Brückner, 11 December 1884 – 18 August 1954, was Adolf Hitler’s chief adjutant until October 1940. Thereafter, Brückner joined the Heer, becoming an Oberst by war’s end. He died in August 1954 in Herbsdorf, Upper Bavaria.
Otto Dietrich – Confidant
Jacob Otto Dietrich (31 August 1897 – 22 November 1952) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era, who served as the Press Chief of Nazi regime and was a confidant of Adolf Hitler.
Hans Georg Otto Hermann Fegelein (30 October 1906 – 28 April 1945) was an SS-Gruppenführer (general) of the Waffen-SS in Nazi Germany. He was a member of Adolf Hitler’s entourage and brother-in-law to Eva Braun through his marriage to her sister, Gretl. Units under his command on the Eastern Front were responsible for the deaths of over 17,000 civilians during the Pripyat swamps punitive operation in the Byelorussian SSR in 1941. Fegelein was shot for desertion on 28 April 1945, two days before Hitler’s suicide.
Historians William L. Shirer and Ian Kershaw characterise him as cynical and disreputable. Albert Speer called him “one of the most disgusting people in Hitler’s circle”. Fegelein was an opportunist who ingratiated himself with Heinrich Himmler, who granted him the best assignments and rapid promotions.
Otto Günsche – Bodyguard
Otto Günsche, 24 September 1917 – 2 October 2003, was a mid-ranking commander in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was a member of the SS Division Leibstandarte before he became Adolf Hitler’s personal adjutant. Günsche was taken prisoner by soldiers of the Red Army in Berlin on 2 May 1945. After being held in various prisons and labor camps in the USSR, he was released from Bautzen Penitentiary on 2 May 1956.
Heinrich Hoffmann – Adolf Hitler’s Official Photographer
Heinrich Hoffmann (12 September 1885 – 15 December 1957) was a German photographer, art dealer, art collector, and magazine publisher who was for many years Adolf Hitler’s official photographer and a part of his intimate circle. Historian Alan Bullock succinctly described Hoffmann as an “earthy Bavarian with a weakness for drinking parties and hearty jokes” who “enjoyed the license of a court jester” with Hitler.
Traudl Junge – Last Private Secretary
Gertraud “Traudl” Junge, 16 March 1920 – 10 February 2002, worked as Adolf Hitler’s last private secretary from December 1942 to April 1945. After typing out Hitler’s will, she remained in the Berlin Führerbunker until his death. Following her arrest and imprisonment in June 1945, both the Soviet and the American militaries interrogated her. Later, in post-war West Germany, she worked as a secretary. In her old age she decided to publish her memoirs, claiming ignorance of the Nazi atrocities during the war, but blaming herself for missing opportunities to investigate reports about them. Her story, based partly on her book, Until the Final Hour, formed a part of several dramatizations, in particular the 2004 German film Downfall about Hitler’s final ten days.
Erich Kempka – Primary Chauffeur
SS-Obersturmbannführer Erich Kempka, 16 September 1910 – 24 January 1975, was a member of the SS in Nazi Germany who served as Adolf Hitler’s primary chauffeur from 1934 to April 1945. He was present in the area of the Reich Chancellery on 30 April 1945, when Hitler shot himself in the Führerbunker. Kempka delivered the gasoline to the garden behind the Reich Chancellery where the remains of Hitler and Eva Braun were burned.
Emil “Moritzl” Maurice – Friend and Chauffeur
Emil Maurice, 19 January 1897, Westermoor – 6 February 1972, Munich, was an early member of the National Socialist German Workers Party, founding member of the Schutzstaffel, master watchmaker, bodyguard , friend of Adolf Hitler, member of the Reichstag from1933-1945, and oberleutnant in the Reserve of the Luftwaffe in the Second World War. He served as one of Hitler’s personal chauffeurs.
Rochus Misch – Bodyguard
Rochus Misch, 29 July 1917 – 5 September 2013, was a German Oberscharführer (sergeant) in the 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH). He was badly wounded during the Polish campaign during the first month of World War II in Europe. After recovering, from 1940 to April 1945, he served in the Führerbegleitkommando (Führer Escort Command; FBK) as a bodyguard, courier, and telephone operator for German dictator Adolf Hitler. He was widely reported in the media as being the last surviving occupant of the Führerbunker when he died in September 2013.
Theodor Morell – Personal Physician
Theodor Gilbert Morell, 22 July 1886 – 26 May 1948, was a German doctor known for acting as Adolf Hitler’s personal physician. Morell was well known in Germany for his unconventional treatments. He assisted Hitler daily in virtually everything he did for several years and was beside Hitler until the last stages of the Battle of Berlin.
Hanna Reitsch, 29 March 1912 – 24 August 1979, was a German aviatrix and test pilot. During the Nazi era, she and Melitta von Stauffenberg flight tested many of the regime’s new aircraft.
She set more than 40 flight altitude records and women’s endurance records in gliding before and after World War II. In the 1960s, she was sponsored by the West German foreign office as a technical adviser in Ghana and elsewhere and founded a gliding school in Ghana, where she worked for Kwame Nkrumah.
Julius Schaub – Adjutant to Hitler
Julius Schaub, 20 August 1898 – 27 December 1967, was the chief aide and adjutant to German dictator Adolf Hitler until the dictator’s suicide on 30 April 1945.
Born in 1898 in Munich, Bavaria, Schaub served as a field medic during World War I, during which he injured both of his feet. During the hard times which followed during the Great Depression, Schaub joined the Nazi Party. After losing his job because of his membership, Hitler hired him as his personal aide, a position he held for 25 years.
Schaub took care of Hitler’s personal belongings, papers and travel journeys, making him a notable figure in Hitler’s inner circle. In 1924, he was imprisoned with Hitler for his involvement in the coup d’état attempt of November 1923 in Munich. In time he closely befriended Hitler. Later in July 1944, Schaub was present during the military briefing during which a bomb exploded, killing four people and injuring others; Hitler escaped with minor injuries.
Schaub was ordered to leave the Führerbunker in late April 1945 and destroy all of Hitler’s personal belongings and papers. He was arrested by the Americans shortly after the war. Schaub died on 27 December 1967 in Munich.
Julius Schreck, 13 July 1898 – 16 May 1936, was a senior Nazi official and close confidant of Adolf Hitler.
Born in Munich, Schreck served in World War I and shortly afterward joined right-wing paramilitary units. He joined the Nazi Party in 1920 and developed a close friendship with Adolf Hitler. Schreck was a founding member of the Sturmabteilung (Storm Detachment; SA) and was active in its development. Later in 1925, he became the first leader of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS). He is generally considered the “Father of the SS”(SS No. 5). He then served for a time as a chauffeur for Hitler. Schreck developed meningitis in 1936 and died on 16 May of that year. Hitler gave him a state funeral which was attended by several members of the Nazi elite with Hitler delivering the eulogy.
Nicolaus von Below – Luftwaffe Adjutant
Nicolaus von Below, 20 September 1907 – 24 July 1983, was an officer in the German Luftwaffe and an adjutant to Adolf Hitler.
Karl-Jesko von Puttkamer – Naval Adjutant
Karl-Jesko Otto Robert von Puttkamer, 24 March 1900 – 4 March 1981, was a German admiral who was naval adjutant to Adolf Hitler during World War II.