German Life Under the Third Reich / Deutsches Leben unter dem Dritten Reich
Photos of German civilians under the Third Reich.
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Life in Nazi Germany Photos
People at a resettlement camp in Lublin, Poland receive framed photos of Adolf Hitler to hang in their apartments, 1940.
A group of men read a propaganda billboard titled “The Jews Are Our Misfortune”, 1933.
Nazi party members display election propaganda outside of a church in Berlin on July 23, 1933.
Nazi party members post signs on a Jewish storefront encouraging Germans to boycott the shop in Berlin on April 1, 1933.
Newlyweds admire their rings at an unspecified location, 1944.
Newborn babies from the Lebensborn Program. These children are the offspring of carefully selected “racially-pure” parents. September 1941.
Students salute their teacher in Berlin, January 1934. Most teachers in Nazi Germany were required to join the National Socialist Teachers League, which mandated that they take an oath of loyalty and obedience to Hitler. If their lessons did not conform to party ideals, they risked being reported by their students or colleagues. Wikimedia Commons 2 of 34 Children buy a frozen dessert from a street vendor in Berlin, 1934. Wikimedia Commons 3 of 34 Volunteers gather Christmas donations for the poor in Berlin, December 1935. Wikimedia Commons 4 of 34 Children wave flags before leaving Berlin, circa 1940-1945. These children are being evacuated from the city to live in Kinderlandverschickung camps, where they will be safe from air raids. Many will be separated from their families. Wikimedia Commons 5 of 34 Young women belonging to the League of German Girls, the female division of the Hitler Youth, practice gymnastics, 1941. Wikimedia Commons 6 of 34 German children learn geography in a Nazi-run school in the Silesia region of Poland, October 1940. Schools received a new curriculum that focused on racial biology and population policy. Teachers regularly showed propaganda films in the classroom, and worked racial politics into every part of education. Wikimedia Commons 7 of 34 Hitler Youth boys play tug of war while wearing gas masks in Worms, 1933. Wikimedia Commons 8 of 34 People at a resettlement camp in Lublin, Poland receive framed photos of Adolf Hitler to hang in their apartments, 1940. Wikimedia Commons 9 of 34 Hitler Youth members camp out in a tent at an unspecified location, 1933. Wikimedia Commons 10 of 34 A group of men read a propaganda billboard titled “The Jews Are Our Misfortune” in Worms, 1933. Wikimedia Commons 11 of 34 Members of the Reich Labor Service at work, circa 1940. This state-run labor program both helped lessen the effects of unemployment and create a Nazi-indoctrinated workforce, requiring each young man to serve for a six-month period. Wikimedia Commons 12 of 34 Children with Down syndrome sit at Schönbrunn Psychiatric Hospital, 1934. Mentally challenged children were forcibly sterilized to keep them from breeding. They were, initially, taught in separate classrooms, but then considered to be “unteachable.” Later, children like these would be killed in order to remove them from the population. Wikimedia Commons 13 of 34 Members of the League of German Girls put up posters for their group in Worms, 1933. Wikimedia Commons 14 of 34 A family gazes lovingly at their boy, a member of the Hitler Youth, February 1943.. Wikimedia Commons 15 of 34 A Jewish woman peruses the wares of a street vendor in Radom, Poland, 1940. Wikimedia Commons 16 of 34 Members of the League of German Girls at work cleaning in a Berlin tenement house, date unspecified. Wikimedia Commons 17 of 34 A long line of Jewish citizens wait in line outside of a travel company in hopes of fleeing Germany. Berlin, January 1939. Wikimedia Commons 18 of 34 A proud new husband wears his SS uniform on his wedding day in December 1942. Wikimedia Commons 19 of 34 Nazi party members display election propaganda outside of a church in Berlin on July 23, 1933. Wikimedia Commons 20 of 34 Boys ceremonially jump over a fire as part of a traditional summer solstice festival in Berlin, 1937. Wikimedia Commons 21 of 34 Reichsbischof Ludwig Müller gives a speech, the Nazi flag draped upon his pulpit, at the Berlin Cathedral in September 1934.
Children and their parents walk down into an air shelter in Berlin, October 1941.
Men, women, and children work together to put out the fires following an air raid, location unspecified, 1942.
In 1945, as Allied troops took Germany, many officials, fearing reprisals, committed suicide. Here, the mayor of Leipzig has taken his own life at his desk.
German civilians from Batavian Dutch internment camp celebrating the Japanese invasion of Java island (Dutch East Indies) in 1942. They are waving the Nazi and Japanese flags together.
After the Red Army occupied the Bessarabia region, an agreement was reached between the Third Reich and the Soviet Union (then friends), on the resettlement of the local Germans into the Reich. Serbia, at that time also still friends with Germany, helped out and formed a temporary shelter for the refugees. In the photo, the chairman of the Swabian-German Cultural Union, Dr. Sepp Janko, delivers a speech to his fellow nationals in a refugee camp near Zemun, Yugoslavia, autumn 1940. Behind him are the typical Nazi pagan symbols: the Wolfsangel (freedom) and the Man rune (life), and a shovel (labour) between them. Standing in front are the local ethnic Germans, and their boys in uniforms and with instruments in style of the Hitler Youth.