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Remilitarization of the Rhineland
The Re-militarization of the Rhineland by the German Army took place on 7 March 1936 when German military forces entered the Rhineland. This was significant because it violated the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Treaties, marking the first time since the end of World War I that German troops had been in this region. The remilitarization changed the balance of power in Europe from France towards Germany, and made it possible for Germany to pursue a policy of aggression in Eastern Europe that the demilitarized status of the Rhineland had blocked until then.
State Visit of Miklós Horthy Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary
In August 1938, when Horthy, his wife, and some Hungarian politicians took a special train from Budapest to Germany, SA and other National Socialist formations ceremonially welcomed the delegation at the Passau train station. Then, the train continued for the christening of the German warship Prinz Eugen.
During his ensuing state visit, Hitler asked Horthy for troops and matériel to participate in Germany’s planned invasion of Czechoslovakia. In exchange, Horthy later reported, “He gave me to understand that as a reward we should be allowed to keep the territory we had invaded.” Horthy said he declined, insisting to Hitler that Hungary’s claims on the disputed lands should be settled by peaceful means.