Reichministers, Gauleiters, and Politicians of the Third Reich – H thru R / Reichminister, Gauleiter, und Politik des Dritten Reich – H durch R

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Karl Hanke

Karl August Hanke, Reichsführer-SS und Chef der Deutschen Polizei, 24 August 1903 – 8 June 1945, was an official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). He served as governor (Gauleiter) of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945 and as the final Reichsführer-SS for a few days in 1945.

Franz Hayler

Franz Hayler, 29 August 1900 in Schwarzenfeld – 11 September 1972 in Aschau im Chiemgau, was a German self-employed salesman who rose during the Third Reich to State Secretary and acting Reich Economics Minister as a member of the NSDAP and the SS.

Konrad Henlein

Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein, 6 May 1898 – 10 May 1945, was a leading Sudeten German politician in Czechoslovakia. Upon the German occupation, he joined the Nazi Party as well as the SS and was appointed Reichsstatthalter of the Sudetenland in 1939.

Rudolf Hess

Rudolf Walter Richard Heß also spelled Hess, 26 April 1894 – 17 August 1987, was a prominent politician in Nazi Germany. Appointed Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler in 1933, he served in this position until 1941, when he flew solo to Scotland in an attempt to negotiate peace with the United Kingdom during World War II. He was taken a prisoner and eventually was convicted of crimes against peace, serving a life sentence.

Hess enlisted in the 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment as an infantryman at the outbreak of World War I. He was wounded several times over the course of the war and won the Iron Cross, second class, in 1915. Shortly before the war ended, Hess enrolled to train as an aviator, but he saw no action in this role. He left the armed forces in December 1918 with the rank of Leutnant der Reserve.

In autumn 1919, Hess enrolled in the University of Munich, where he studied geopolitics under Karl Haushofer, a proponent of the concept of Lebensraum (“living space”), which later became one of the pillars of Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party; NSDAP) ideology. Hess joined the NSDAP on 1 July 1920 and was at Hitler’s side on 8 November 1923 for the Beer Hall Putsch, a failed Nazi attempt to seize control of the government of Bavaria. Whilst serving time in jail for this attempted coup, Hess helped Hitler write his opus, Mein Kampf, which became a foundation of the political platform of the NSDAP.

After the Nazi Seizure of Power in 1933, Hess was appointed Deputy Führer of the NSDAP and received a post in Hitler’s cabinet. He was the third-most-powerful man in Germany, behind only Hitler and Hermann Göring. In addition to appearing on Hitler’s behalf at speaking engagements and rallies, Hess signed into law much of the legislation, including the Nuremberg Laws of 1935, that stripped the Jews of Germany of their rights in the lead-up to the Holocaust.

Hess continued to be interested in aviation, learning to fly the more advanced aircraft that were coming into development at the start of World War II. On 10 May 1941, he undertook a solo flight to Scotland, where he hoped to arrange peace talks with the Duke of Hamilton, whom he believed was prominent in opposition to the British government. Hess was immediately arrested on his arrival and was held in British custody until the end of the war when he was returned to Germany to stand trial in the Nuremberg Trials of major war criminals in 1946. Throughout much of the trial, he claimed to be suffering from amnesia but later admitted this was a ruse. Hess was convicted of crimes against peace and conspiracy with other German leaders to commit crimes and was transferred to Spandau Prison in 1947, where he served a life sentence. Repeated attempts by family members and prominent politicians to win him early release were blocked by the Soviet Union. Still, in custody in Spandau, he died of an apparent suicide in 1987 at the age of 93. After his death, the prison was demolished to prevent it from becoming a neo-nazi shrine.

Walther Hewel

Walther Hewel, 2 January 1904 – 2 May 1945, was a German diplomat before and during World War II, an early and active member of the Nazi Party, and one of German dictator Adolf Hitler’s few personal friends.

Konstantin Hierl

Konstantin Hierl, 24 February 1875 – 23 September 1955, was a major figure in the administration of Nazi Germany. He was the head of the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD) (Reich Labor Service) and an associate of Adolf Hitler before he came to national power.

Carl Vincent Krogmann

Carl Vincent Krogmann, 3 March 1889, in Hamburg – 14 March 1978, in Hamburg, was a German banker, industrialist and National Socialist Party politician. He served as Mayor of Hamburg for the majority of the Nazi period of government.

Ernst Kundt

Ernst Kundt, 15 April 1897 in Bohemia-Leipa, Austria-Hungary, 15 February 1947 in Prague, was a Sudeten-German politician of national socialism.

Robert Ley

Robert Ley, 15 February 1890 – 25 October 1945, was a Nazi politician and head of the German Labour Front from 1933 to 1945. He committed suicide while awaiting trial at Nuremberg for war crimes.

Willy Liebel

Willy Liebel, born Friedrich Wilhelm Liebel, 31 August 1897 in Nuremberg – 20 April 1945, was a German politician (NSDAP) and March 16, 1933, to April 20, 1945, Mayor of the City of Nuremberg.

Viktor Lutze

Viktor Lutze, 28 December 1890 – 2 May 1943, was the commander of the Sturmabteilung (“SA”) succeeding Ernst Röhm as Stabschef. He died from injuries received in a car accident. Lutze was given an elaborate state funeral in Berlin on 7 May 1943.

Max Moosbauer

Max Moosbauer, 2 March 1892 in Passau – 10 November 1968, was a German politician and during the Nazi dictatorship Lord Mayor of the city of Passau.

Georg Wilhelm Müller

Georg Wilhelm Müller, 29 December 1909 in Königshütte – 30 April 1989 in Hamburg, often called GW Müller, was a German National Socialist student leader and later professional propagandist, who was especially known as the close co-worker of Joseph Goebbels, who later became a bureaucrat in charge of press, culture, and information in Germany, Germany, during World War II.

Ludwig Müller

Ludwig Müller, 23 June 1883 – 31 July 1945, was a German theologian and leading member of the German Christians (German: Deutsche Christen) faith movement. In 1933, he was imposed by the Nazi government as Reichsbischof (Reich Bishop) of the German Evangelical Church (German: Deutsche Evangelische Kirche).

Martin Mutschmann

Martin Mutschmann, 9 March 1879 – 14 February 1947, was the Nazi Regional Leader (Gauleiter) of the state of Saxony (Gau Saxony) during the time of the Third Reich. He was a German businessman, politician, party member from 1922, and from 1925 to 1945 NSDAP Gauleiter of Saxony. From 1930, he was a member of the Reichstag , from 1933 Reichsstatthalter in Saxony and also from 1935 Saxon Prime Minister, as Landesjagermeister of Saxony, Reichs Defense Commissioner for the Military District IV, since May 5, 1933 SA honorary leader at the Standard 100 in Dresden, honorary leader of the RAD, Arbeitsdank,and since 1937 SA-Obergruppenführer.

Hanns Oberlindobe

Hanns Oberlindober, 5 March 1896, in Munich  – 6 April 1949, in Warsaw ) was a German officer of the German Army, SA-Obergruppenführer, politician ( NSDAP ), member of the Reichstag, Reichskriegsopferführer and as head of the main office for war victims of the NSDAP Reichshauptamtsleiter the NSDAP .

Vidkun Quisling

Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonsson Quisling, 18 July 1887 in Fyresdal in Telemark – 24 October 1945 in Oslo, was a Norwegian officer, diplomat, and politician.

Quisling was first known as an auxiliary worker in the Soviet Union and co-worker of Fridtjof Nansen and was Norway’s Defense Minister in two peasant party governments from 1931 to 1933. In 1933, Quisling founded the National Romanticist Nationalist Party (NS), which in the 1930s had limited support. After Germany’s invasion of Norway in 1940, Quisling, as the first in the world, tried to commit a coup over the radio , but the coup attempt failed because the Germans were not interested in supporting his government. In the winter of 1942, he returned as the head of a German-supported government, and with the title Ministerial President, he, together with the civilian administrator of the German occupation power, led the Norwegian state administration for the rest of the war.

After the liberation in 1945, Quisling was sentenced to death and executed.

Ernst Röhm

Ernst Julius Günther Röhm, 28 November 1887 – 1 July 1934, was a German officer in the Bavarian Army and later an early Nazi leader. He was a co-founder of the Sturmabteilung (“Storm Battalion”; SA), the Nazi Party militia, and later was its commander. In 1934, as part of the Night of the Long Knives, he was executed on Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler’s orders as a potential rival.

Alfred Rosenberg

Alfred Ernst Rosenberg, 12 January 1893 – 16 October 1946, was a Baltic German philosopher and an influential ideologue of the Nazi Party. Rosenberg was first introduced to Adolf Hitler by Dietrich Eckart and later held several important posts in the Nazi government. He is considered one of the main authors of key National Socialist ideological creeds, including its racial theory, persecution of the Jews, Lebensraum, abrogation of the Treaty of Versailles, and opposition to degenerate modern art. He is known for his rejection of and hatred for Christianity, having played an important role in the development of German Nationalist Positive Christianity. At Nuremberg, he was sentenced to death and executed by hanging for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Curt Rothenberger

Curt Ferdinand Rothenberger, 30 June 1896 in Cuxhaven – 1 September 1959 in Hamburg, was a German jurist and leading figure in the Nazi Party.

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