Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering), 12. January 1893 – 15 .October 1946, was a German politician, military leader, and leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). A veteran of World War I as an ace fighter pilot, he was a recipient of the coveted Pour le Mérite, also known as the “Blue Max”. He was the last commander of Jagdgeschwader 1, the fighter wing once led by Manfred von Richthofen, the “Red Baron”.
A member of the NSDAP from its early days, Göring was wounded in 1923 during the failed coup known as the Beer Hall Putsch. He became permanently addicted to morphine after being treated with the drug for his injuries. He founded the Gestapo in 1933. Göring was appointed commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe (air force) in 1935, a position he held until the final days of World War II. By 1940 he was at the peak of his power and influence; as minister in charge of the Four Year Plan, he was responsible for much of the functioning of the German economy in the build-up to World War II. Adolf Hitler promoted him to the rank of Reichsmarschall, a rank senior to all other Wehrmacht commanders, and in 1941 Hitler designated him as his successor and deputy in all his offices.
Göring’s standing with Hitler was greatly reduced by 1942, with the Luftwaffe unable to fulfill its commitments and the German war effort stumbling on both fronts. Göring largely withdrew from the military and political scene and focused on the acquisition of property and artwork, much of which was confiscated from Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Informed on 22 April 1945 that Hitler intended to commit suicide, Göring sent a telegram to Hitler asking to assume control of the Reich. Hitler then removed Göring from all his positions, expelled him from the party, and ordered his arrest.
After World War II, Göring was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity at the Nuremberg Trials. He was sentenced to death by hanging, but committed suicide by ingesting cyanide the night before the sentence was to be carried out.
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Hermann Göring in white tunic.
Adolf Hitler and Hermann Göring at the Demonstration of the Hetzer.
Hermann Göring, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Dönitz, Heinrich Himmler, and Adolf Hitler.
Adolf Hitler and Hermann Göring at Führerhauptquartier.
Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring with his Luftwaffe and Italian officers.
Hermann Göring on what appears to be a subsequent day after his surrendered, sitting down with Major Paul Kubala from U.S. forces.
Göring at the Nuremberg Trials.
Former German Reichsmarschall and Commander of the Luftwaffe Hermann Göring – a.k.a. “The Bad Nazi” – during cross examination at his trial for war crimes in Room 600 at the Palace of Justice during the International Military Tribunal (IMT), Nuremberg, Germany, 15 March 1946.
Edda and her mother receive a letter from Herman during the Nuremburg Trials.
Hermann Göring in hunting uniform.
After a painting by H. Funk. From the Raumbildalbum “Flying and victories”,1942.
Reichsmarschall and bearer of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross.
A re-enactment of the march through the streets of Munich.
Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring (Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe) and Generaloberst Hans Jeschonnek (Chef des Generalstabes der Luftwaffe) at Führerhauptquartier (FHQ) Schloss Kleßheim, 7-10 April 1943, in the event of the formal visit of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini to Germany.
From left to right: unidentified Luftwaffe general, Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring (Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe), General der Flieger Gustav Kastner-Kirdorf (Chef des Luftwaffen-Personalamt), and General der Fallschirmtruppe Kurt Student (Kommandierender General der Fallschirmjäger). The picture was taken in May 1942 when Göring visited the Truppenübungsplatz (Training Area) Gross-Born in Pomerania and inspected 2,000 Luftwaffe officers and NCOs for the event of “Kriegsalltag im Deutschen Reich”.
From left to right: Generaloberst Alfred Keller (Chef Luftflotte 1 und Luftwaffenbefehlshaber Mitte), Generaloberst Hans Jeschonnek (Chef des Generalstabes der Luftwaffe), Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring (Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe), Generaloberst Alexander Löhr (Chef Luftflotte 4), and Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring (blocked by Löhr, Chef Luftflotte 2). The picture was taken by Kriegsberichter Eitel Lange in the terrace of Göring’s country residence of Carinhall (north-east of Berlin), 6 July 1941. In the background we can see a beautiful lake named Großdöllner See and Schorfheide forest.
French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and German Generalfeldmarschall Hermann Göring (Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe) in an open-top sedan in Münich, Germany, 29 September 1938, during the conference for a settlement permitting Nazi Germany’s annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country’s borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation “Sudetenland” was coined. SS officer standing behind Göring is SS-Hauptsturmführer Peter Hogl.
Modern Day Photos
Gold-plated Walther PPK semiautomatic pistol was once owned by notorious Nazi leader Hermann Göring up for bid.
Göring’s uniform on display at the Luftwaffenmuseum der Bundeswehr.
Göring’s Reichsmarschall baton and Smith & Wesson revolver. To the left is the silver-bound guest book from Carinhall, West Point Museum.
Standard, on display at the Musée de la Guerre in Les Invalides, Paris.
Göring’s July 1941 letter to Reinhard Heydrich.
Göring’s letter, written four days before his death.
Off Color Photos
Hermann Wilhelm Göring.
Goering, the last commander of the Richthofen squadron.
Hermann Goering in the World War: “In memory of 1914-1918”.
March on the Feldherrnhalle.
Black and White Photos
Nazi leader Hermann Göring, the right hand man of Adolf Hitler, collected jewelry, art and other precious objects looted from Jews during the Holocaust.
Göring in 1907, at about age 14.
Göring in 1932, wearing the Pour le Mérite.
Hermann Goring with a lion cub.
Göring (left) stands in front of Hitler at a Nazi rally in Nuremberg (c. 1928).
Göring in Berlin, 1937.
The architects of the purge: Hitler, Göring, Goebbels, and Hess. Only Himmler and Heydrich are missing.
Schirach (right) with Hitler, Bormann and Göring at the Obersalzberg.
Bouhler with Adolf Hitler, Baldur von Schirach, Joseph Goebbels and Hermann Göring; Munich, October 1938.
Hitler and Goring.
Adolf Hitler awards Hanna Reitsch the Iron Cross 2nd Class in March 1941.
Hitler, President of the Croatian Independent State Ante Pavelic and Hermann Goering in Tyskland, 1941.
Hitler meeting Reich Commissioner Robert Ley, automotive engineer Ferdinand Porsche and Reichsminister Hermann Göring at the Wolfschanze in 1942.
Göring with Adolf Hitler and Albert Speer, 10 August 1943.
The Führer, Adolf Hitler, nursing a sore arm after an attempt on his life on July 20, 1944. With him are (from left) Wilhelm Keitel, armed forces chief of staff; Hermann Göring, air force commander in chief; and Martin Bormann, Hitler’s personal secretary.
Hermann Göring speaking at Lent’s funeral.
Herman Goring inspecting the Wolf’s Lair conference room soon after the explosion.
Eddy and Edda at Nuremburg for the trials.
Göring (first row, far left) at the Nuremberg Trials.
Göring at the Nuremberg Trials.
Some of the defendants at Nuremberg. Front row, from left to right: Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel. Back row from left to right: Karl Döwnitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl.
War minister and OKW commander Werner von Blomberg followed by the three armed forces chiefs inspects a parade in honor of his 1937 birthday.
In the first row from left to right: Hanns Oberlindober , Fedor von Bock , Erhard Milch , Heinrich Himmler , Karl Doenitz , Wilhelm Keitel, Hermann Goering and Adolf Hitler at the Memorial Day on March 21, 1943 in the Zeughaus Berlin .
Goering as General of the Infantry.
Memory corner of Hermann Goering for his deceased wife Carin in his Berlin apartment.
The wedding with Emmy.
Hermann Göring in a DLV uniform, u. a. with the sports wreath of the Ring of the National Motor and Aviation Movement (RKL) in gold (left), ca. 1935.
Goering on May 10, 1945, one day after his capture by the Americans of the 36th Infantry Division.
Adolf Hitler with Hermann Goering.
Hermann Goering in Carinhall.
Brothers Hermann and Albert Göring.
Hitler visiting Berlin defenders in early April 1945 with Hermann Göring, and the Chief of the OKW Field Marshal Keitel (partially hidden).
Memorial march on November 9, 1935, from Bürgerbräukeller to Feldherrnhalle in Munich; from right: Richard Kolb ✠ , Hermann Kriebel , Ulrich Graf , Adolf Hitler , Hermann Göring and Dr. med. Friedrich Weber . Jakob Grimminger carries the blood flag .
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