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Paul Blobel, 13 August 1894 – 7 June 1951, was a German SS commander. He is best known as the key figure in organizing and executing the Babi Yar massacre of 1941. In June 1942, Blobel was put in charge of Sonderaktion 1005, with the task of destroying the evidence of Nazi atrocities in Eastern Europe. After the war, he was convicted at the Einsatzgruppen Trial and executed.
Heinrich Fehlis, 1 November 1906 – 11 May 1945, was a German officer and police officer serving in Norway during World War II. He was the SS Oberführer and Colonel der Polizei, in charge of Sicherheitspolizei (Sipo) and Sicherheitsdienst (SD), where he succeeded SS Oberführer Franz Walter Stahlecker as head of Sipo and SD in Norway in November 1940 and was “Befehlshaber” (BdSuSD ) at Victoria Terrace.
Karl Hermann Frank
Karl Hermann Frank, 24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946, was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in Czechoslovakia prior to and during World War II and an SS-Obergruppenführer. He was tried, convicted and executed after World War II for his role in organizing the massacres of the people of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky.
August Heißmeyer (or Heissmeyer), 11 January 1897 in Gellersen, which is now part of Aerzen – 16 January 1979 in Schwäbisch Hall, was a leading member of the SS. After World War II, Heissmeyer was sentenced to a prison term as a war criminal. His nephew, Kurt Heissmeyer, an SS physician, was as well.
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich, 7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942, was a high-ranking German Nazi official during World War II, and one of the main architects of the Holocaust. He was SS-Obergruppenführer (General) and General der Polizei, chief of the Reich Main Security Office (including the Gestapo, Kripo, and SD) and Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Deputy/Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia (in what is now the Czech Republic). Heydrich served as President of Interpol (the international law enforcement agency) and chaired the January 1942 Wannsee Conference, which formalized plans for the final solution to the Jewish Question—the deportation and extermination of all Jews in the German-occupied territory.
Historians regard him as the darkest figure within the Nazi elite; Adolf Hitler described him as “the man with the iron heart”. He was the founding head of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD), an intelligence organization charged with seeking out and neutralizing resistance to the Nazi Party via arrests, deportations, and killings. He helped organize Kristallnacht, a series of coordinated attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on 9–10 November 1938. The attacks, carried out by SA stormtroopers and civilians, presaged the Holocaust. Upon his arrival in Prague, Heydrich sought to eliminate opposition to the Nazi occupation by suppressing Czech culture and deporting and executing members of the Czech resistance. He was directly responsible for the Einsatzgruppen, the special task forces that traveled in the wake of the German armies to round up and kill Jews and others deemed undesirable by the regime.
Heydrich was attacked in Prague on 27 May 1942 by a British-trained team of Czech and Slovak soldiers who had been sent by the Czechoslovak government-in-exile to kill him in Operation Anthropoid. He died from his injuries a week later. Intelligence falsely linked the assassins to the villages of Lidice and Ležáky. Lidice was razed to the ground; all men and boys over the age of 16 were murdered, and all but a handful of its women and children were deported and killed in Nazi concentration camps.
Hans Georg Hofmann
Hans Georg Hofmann, 26 September 1873 in Hof – 31 January 1942 in Munich, was a German officer, most recently Generalmajor as well as a politician of the NSDAP. From 1932 until his death, he was a member of the Reichstag for the constituency of Niederbayern.
Franz Josef Huber
Franz Josef Huber, 22 January 1902 – 30 January 1975, was an SS functionary who was a police and security service official in both the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. Huber joined the Nazi Party in 1937 and worked closely with Gestapo chief Heinrich Müller. After the annexation of Austria in 1938, Huber was posted to Vienna, where he was appointed the chief of the Security Police (SiPo) and Gestapo for Vienna, the Lower Danube, and Upper Danube regions. He was responsible for mass deportations of Jews from the area. After the war ended, Huber never served any prison time and died in Munich in 1975.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner, 4 October 1903 – 16 October 1946, was an Austrian-born senior official of Nazi Germany during World War II. An Obergruppenführer (general) in the Schutzstaffel (SS), between January 1943 and May 1945 he held the offices of Chief of the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt; RSHA). He was the highest-ranking member of the SS to face trial at the first Nuremberg trials. He was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity and executed.
General Dr.-Ing. Hans (Heinz) Friedrich Karl Franz Kammler, 26 August 1901 to date of death unknown) was a German civil engineer and high-ranking officer of the Schutzstaffel (SS). He oversaw SS construction projects, and towards the end of World War II was put in charge of the V-2 missile and jet programs. He was the last SS officer in Nazi Germany to receive a promotion to the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer with a date of rank from 1 March 1945.
He is most commonly referred to as Hans Kammler.
Franz Kutschera, 22 February 1904 – 1 February 1944, was an Austrian Nazi politician (gardener by trade), SS-Brigadeführer and war criminal. During World War II, as SS and Police Leader in occupied by Nazi Germany Warsaw, the capital of Poland, he was sentenced to death by the Polish Home Army resistance movement in agreement with the Polish government in exile and executed in front of the SS headquarters in a special action by a combat sabotage unit (predecessor of Battalion Parasol) of Kedyw mainly manned by members of scouting and guiding Gray Ranks.
Konrad Meyer-Hetling, 15 May 1901 – 25 April 1973, was a German agronomist and SS-Oberführer. He is best known for his involvement in the development of Generalplan Ost.
Heinrich Müller, 28 April 1900 to date of death unknown, but evidence points to May 1945, was a German police official under both the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. He became chief of the Gestapo, the political secret state police of Nazi Germany, and was involved in the planning and execution of the Holocaust. He was known as ‘Gestapo Müller’ to distinguish him from another SS general also named Heinrich Müller. He was last seen in the Führerbunker in Berlin on 1 May 1945 and remains the most senior figure of the Nazi regime who was never captured or confirmed to have died.
Arthur Nebe, 13 November 1894 – 21 March 1945, was a key functionary in the security and police apparatus of Nazi Germany.
Nebe rose through the ranks of the Berlin and Prussian police forces to become head of Nazi Germany’s Criminal Police (Kripo) in 1936, which was folded into the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA) in 1939. Prior to the 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union, Nebe volunteered to serve as commanding officer of Einsatzgruppe B. The killing unit was deployed in the Army Group Centre Rear Area, in modern-day Belarus, and reported over 45,000 victims by November 1941. In late 1941, Nebe was posted back to Berlin and resumed his career within the RSHA. Nebe commanded the Kripo until he was denounced and executed after the failed attempt to kill Adolf Hitler in July 1944.
Following the war, Nebe’s career and involvement with the 20 July plot were the subject of several apologetic accounts by the members of the plot, who portrayed him as a professional policeman and a dedicated anti-Nazi. The notions that Nebe’s motivations were anything other than Nazi ideology have since been discredited by historians who describe him as an opportunist and an energetic, enthusiastic, and notorious mass murderer driven by racism and careerism.
Otto Ohlendorf, 4 February 1907 – 7 June 1951, was a German SS-Gruppenführer and head of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) Inland, responsible for intelligence and security within Germany. Ohlendorf was also the commanding officer of Einsatzgruppe D, which perpetrated mass murder in Moldova, south Ukraine, the Crimea, and, during 1942, the North Caucasus. He was convicted of and executed for war crimes committed during World War II.
Oswald Ludwig Pohl, 30 June 1892 – 8 June 1951, was a Nazi official and member of the SS. He rose to the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer and was involved in the administration of German concentration camps during the Second World War. After the war, he went into hiding and then was found in 1946, was judicially tried in 1947, repeatedly appealed his case, and finally was executed by hanging in 1951.
Johann ‘Hans’ Rattenhuber
Johann Rattenhuber, 30 April 1897 – 30 June 1957, also known as Hans Rattenhuber, was German police and SS general (Gruppenführer, i. e. Generalleutnant). Rattenhuber was the head of German dictator Adolf Hitler’s personal Reichssicherheitsdienst (Reich Security Service; RSD) bodyguard from 1933 to 1945.
Friedrich Wilhelm Rediess, 10 October 1900 – 8 May 1945, was the SS and Police Leader during the German occupation of Norway in the Second World War. He was also the Commanding General (Obergruppenführer) of all SS troops stationed in occupied Norway, assuming command on 22 June 1940 until his death in 1945.
Gruppenführer Heinrich Reinefarth, 26 December 1903 – 7 May 1979, was a Nazi German military officer during World War II and government official in FRG after the war. During the Warsaw Uprising of August 1944, his troops committed numerous war atrocities. After the war, Reinefarth became the mayor of the town of Westerland and a member of the Schleswig-Holstein Landtag. Despite Polish demands for extradition, he was never convicted of any war crimes.
Anton Vogler, born 1882, was a German SS – Brigadeführer and General Major in the Waffen SS. He was, among other things, Chief of Staff of SS-Oberabschnitt Süd and Deputy Commander of SS-Oberabschnitt Süd with a service center in Munich. In addition, he was Deputy Higher SS and Police ( Höhere SS and Polizeiführer, HSSPF) in the Süd office with a service center in Munich.
Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski
Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, 1 March 1899 – 8 March 1972, was a high-ranking Schutzstaffel (SS) commander during World War II in charge of so-called anti-partisan warfare (Bandenkampf (literally: “bandit fighting”)) against “bandits” and any other persons assumed to present danger to the Nazi rule or Wehrmacht’s security in the occupied territories of Eastern Europe. It mostly involved the civilian population. In 1944 he led the brutal suppression of the Warsaw Uprising.
Despite his responsibility for numerous war crimes and crimes against humanity, Bach-Zelewski did not stand trial in Nuremberg. He was convicted for politically motivated murders after the war and died in prison in 1972.
Karl von Eberstein
Friedrich Karl Freiherr von Eberstein, 14 January 1894 – 10 February 1979, was a member of the German nobility, an early member of the Nazi Party, the SA, and the SS (introducing Reinhard Heydrich to Heinrich Himmler in July 1931). Further, he rose to become a Reichstag delegate, an HSSPF and SS-Oberabschnitt Führer (chief of the Munich Police in World War II) and was a witness at the Nuremberg Trials.
Christian Ludwig Weber, 25 August 1883 in Polsingen – 11 May 1945 at Ludwigsburg and on the Swabian Alb, was from 1933/34 SS honorary leader, since 1937 inspector of the SS riding schools, most recently SS Brigadeführer, Munich councilor, and member of the Reichstag.