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German Revolution of 1918–19
The German Revolution or November Revolution (German: November revolution) was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of Germany’s Imperial government with a republic. The revolutionary period lasted from November 1918 until the establishment in August 1919 of a republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.
Crowds outside the Reichstag on 9 November as the creation of the republic was announced.
“Berlin seized by revolutionists”: The New York Times on Armistice Day, 11 November 1918.
Proclamation of the Bremen revolutionary republic, outside the town hall, on 15 November 1918.
Soldiers stand behind a barricade during the Spartacist uprising.
Spartacist militia in Berlin.
The occupation of the Silesian railway station in Berlin by government troops, 1919.
Leftist soldiers during Christmas fights in the Pfeilersaal of the Berlin City Palace.
Kiel mutiny: the soldiers’ council of the Prinzregent Luitpold.
A British Mark IV tank, captured during the war, in use by Government troops. Berlin, January 1919.
Revolutionaries after summary execution, March 1919.
German Revolution, Kiel, 1918.
Weimar National Assembly
The Weimar National Assembly (German: Weimarer Nationalversammlung) was the constitutional convention and de facto parliament of Germany from 6 February 1919 to 6 June 1920. It drew up the new constitution which was in force from 1919 to 1933, technically remaining in effect even until the end of Nazi rule in 1945. It convened in Weimar, Thuringia and is the reason for this period in German history becoming known as the Weimar Republic.
Constituent Assembly of the Weimar Republic
Meeting place at Deutsches Nationaltheater, Weimar.
Seats in the Weimar National Assembly.
Cover of the Weimar Constitution.